International Human Rights Treaties to which Canada is a Party

Canada has adhered to the following main human rights treaties, and optional protocols, of the United Nations system. The dates are the date of Canada’s ratification or accession.

  • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1952)
  • International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1970)
  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1976)
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (1976)
    • Optional Protocol to the ICCPR (complaint mechanism) (1976)
    • Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty (2005)
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1981)
    • Optional Protocol to CEDAW (complaint mechanism) (2002)
  • Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1987)
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) (1991)
    • Optional Protocol to the CRC on the Involvement of Children in armed conflict (2000)
    • Optional Protocol to the CRC on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (2005)
  • Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2010)

The text of these instruments, and other human rights instruments to which Canada is a party, can be found on Canada.ca.

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