Minority language educational rights
Every province and territory has official language minority communities (French-speaking communities outside Quebec and English-speaking minorities in Quebec). Section 23 of the Charter guarantees minority language educational rights to French-speaking communities outside Quebec, and to English-speaking minorities in Quebec. It applies to all provinces and territories.
Canadian citizens living outside of Quebec have the right to send their children to French schools if:
- their mother tongue is French
- they attended French primary and secondary schools in Canada
- they have child who has attended or is attending French primary or secondary schools in Canada
Canadian citizens living in Quebec have the right to send their children to English schools if:
- they themselves attended English primary and secondary schools in Canada
- they have a child who has attended or is attending English primary or secondary schools in Canada
This right to minority-language instruction applies where there’s a large enough number of people to justify it.
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