Review of the Nunavut Community Justice Program: Final Report
- 7.1 Nunavut Justice and the Aboriginal Justice Strategy
- 7.2 National Crime Prevention Strategy
- 7.3 Grants and Contributions Funds, Justice Canada
- 7.4 Victim Assistance Fund
- 7.5 Youth Criminal Justice Act Implementation Funding
- 7.6 Other Funding
The Nunavut Community Justice Program is funded by Nunavut Justice and from various sources within the federal government. Some federal funds have a cost-sharing requirement, while others do not. The funds are described below.
The Community Justice Committees are funded on an individual basis potentially from various sources. Their major sources of funds are the Nunavut Department of Justice and the Aboriginal Justice Strategy of Justice Canada. Prior to the 2003-04 fiscal year, communities had separate Contribution Agreements with Nunavut Justice and the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. This was problematic in that Nunavut Justice could not be sure that the federal share of community funds was being directed at Nunavut's community justice priorities. There was a feeling in Nunavut Justice that the federal department was not necessarily interested in promoting the Nunavut view of community-based justice and that federally funded projects therefore might not complement the Nunavut vision. As well, the double reporting was onerous for committees. In 2003-04, the federal government began to transfer its share of the funds directly to Nunavut Justice under a Contribution Agreement. Now each Hamlet only signs one Contribution Agreement, which is with Nunavut Justice.
Government of Nunavut (GN) and Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS) contributions by community and region for fiscal year 2004-05 are shown in Table 1.
|Community and Population Counts (as of 2001 Census)||GN Funds Committed||AJS Funds Committed||Total Funding|
|Cambridge Bay (1,351)||$ 30,500||$ 25,500||$56,000|
|Gjoa Haven (879)||22,000||-||22,000|
|Kitikmeot Total (4,684)||$114,500||$25,500||$140,000|
|Baker Lake (1,385)||30,500||4,000||34,500|
|Chesterfield Inlet (337)||13,000||-||13,000|
|Coral Harbour (669)||19,000||19,000||38,000|
|Rankin Inlet (2,058)||36,000||25,000||61,000|
|Pullarvik (Pelly Bay) (496)||-||-||-|
|Repulse Bay (612)||16,000||5,000||21,000|
|Whale Cove (301)||13,000||-||13,000|
|Kivalliq Total (7,417)||$158,000||$57,400||$215,400|
|Cape Dorset (1,118)||27,000||27,000||54,000|
|Clyde River (708)||19,000||10,000||29,000|
|South Baffin Total (4,585)||$124,500||$82,500||$207,000|
|Arctic Bay (639)||16,000||-||16,000|
|Grise Fiord (148)||10,000||-||10,000|
|Hall Beach (543)||16,000||-||16,000|
|Pond Inlet (1,154)||27,000||22,000||49,000|
|Resolute Bay (270)||13,000||-||13,000|
|North Baffin Total (3,928)||$109,000||$22,000||$131,000|
|Nunavut Total (24, 834)||$551,000||$187,400||$738,400|
The contribution funds from the GN and the AJS are meant to cover basic operations of the Community Justice Committees - rental of space, honoraria for committee members, Coordinators' salaries, and office supplies. Training costs are covered specifically for the purpose of a particular training session by various possible sources, including the GN, the AJS, or the federal Department of Justice Grants and Contributions Fund.
The funds are provided to communities annually more or less on a per capita basis by Nunavut Justice. Committees, with the help of their Coordinators and the finance departments of the Hamlets, are required to submit reports with audited statements to Nunavut Justice Headquarters twice annually. Only if the reports are satisfactory do the Hamlets (and Committees) receive the next installment of their yearly funding. The intent of this procedure is to ensure that the Hamlets are managing the money properly, and that the Committees are engaging in activities consistent with Nunavut Justice policy. There was a problem in this regard in 2003-04. In that fiscal year, the $8,000 originally allocated by Nunavut Justice to Qikiqtarjuaq was re-allocated to Pangnirtung. The assessment by Nunavut Justice was that Qikiqtarjuaq was not using its funds to their full potential, while Pangnirtung could legitimately use more funds. Pangnirtung's total contribution therefore increased by $8,000 in 2003-04. As the above Table indicates, however, Nunavut Justice is satisfied in 2004-05 that Qikiqtarjuaq is capable of using its funds effectively and has allocated $16,000 to the community.
Regular twice yearly reporting is also meant to ease the burden of reporting for the Hamlets and committees. Yet difficulties in reporting remain in some cases. Specialists and Coordinators have indicated that some Hamlet financial officials do not provide audited statements in a timely manner. This affects the efficiency of reporting to Headquarters as part of the twice yearly reporting and payment schedule. Specialists have also indicated that some Coordinators may be inefficient in terms of the preliminary step of providing financial information to Hamlet financial officials. In these cases, the Specialists assist the Coordinators with the task, although it is clearly the responsibility of the Coordinators. (The issue of Coordinator capacity is discussed elsewhere in the report.)
The National Crime Prevention Strategy, a federal program recently moved to the new Department of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, is also a potential source of funds. Both Hamlets and community organizations can apply for funds under this initiative. The Community Mobilization Fund is the funding component of the National Crime Prevention Strategy that is most relevant to relatively small-scale communities and their projects. The Community Mobilization Fund can vary yearly in terms of its maximum allowable per community. In 2003-04, the maximum allowable was $50,000, while in 2004-05 it is $25,000. In 2002-03, the Community Mobilization Fund supported seven projects in Nunavut for a total of $211,260, and in 2003-04, nine projects for a total of $212,930. The total allocation for Nunavut under the Community Mobilization Fund is $280,000.
In 2001, Cape Dorset Community Justice Committee had received Community Mobilization Fund money to mount a program of traditional activities aimed at youth. In 2003-04, it appears that the Pangnirtung Community Justice Committee (through the Hamlet) was the only Community Justice Committee successful in being funded through the program. It was funded $25,000 in 2003-04 to run its youth and adult summer land program. The Pangnirtung committee intends to apply for funding for the same purpose again in 2004-05.
Grants through the Community Mobilization Fund are not cost-shared with Nunavut Justice, nor do they require reporting by the receiving agency (although the National Crime Prevention Strategy advises that most agencies submit a final report by their own choice).
Other components of the National Crime Prevention Strategy also fund projects in Nunavut. However, these are larger projects that would not normally be contemplated by Community Justice Committees. Thus far, the larger-scale funding has been to Pauktuutit for an abuse prevention program ($300,000 over three years), the John Howard Society in Iqaluit for a business action program on educating youth about shoplifting ($64,520), and the middle school in Iqaluit for an affected behaviour support system ($69,650). Hamlets and Community Justice Committees have not received funding under these schemes.
Since 1997-98, the Programs Branch at Justice Canada has funded several projects on a contribution basis. Some of these contributions have been for significant amounts, although generally they are not given directly to Community Justice Committees or Hamlets. However, Community Justice Committees benefit from the contributions as they are often intended for funding workshops and training sessions, as well as travel to those sessions. For example, the Programs Branch recently funded Nunavut Justice to hold a community development and capacity building workshop for Community Justice Coordinators from North and South Baffin. The contribution amounted to approximately $80,000. The Rankin Inlet Spousal Abuse Counseling Program has also been funded through this initiative during its three-year pilot phase.
The federal government established the Victims Assistance Fund under federal legislation. From this, the federal Department of Justice includes four Crown Witness Coordinators who work with victim witnesses involved in court cases in Nunavut. In addition, funds are available to community groups wanting to work with victims.
The Minister of Justice for Nunavut approved just over $35,000 to help the needs or concerns of victims for Nunavut. Nunavut Justice has recently sent out calls for proposals. Proposals received have been to provide traditional counseling and to provide Abuse Prevention-Building Healing through a Family Support Approach. These focus on developing public awareness materials that are based on Inuit Qaujimatuqangit guiding principles and traditional beliefs about healthy relationships, and providing training to a group of community members who have experienced trauma or abuse and are engaged in a healing process.
Nunavut Justice received $75,700 in fiscal year 2003-04 through the Youth Justice Renewal Fund, which is part of the federal strategy for implementation of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA). This money did not flow directly to the Community Justice Committees, as it was intended for purposes that departmental Headquarters would normally handle (e.g., workshops on the YCJA, a publication, technology transfer). In fiscal year 2004-05, funds in the amount of $90,140 have been provided to Nunavut Justice to develop and implement a reintegration program to allow youth from the secure custody facility to re-enter community life in a supportive way. An additional $37,500 has been notionally allocated under the Youth Justice Renewal Fund for purposes of implementing the YCJA. These funds are available to Nunavut Justice.
The Community Justice Committees are expected to play a significant role in the new approach to youth justice and have indicated they could use resources to develop this capability. YCJA training has taken place for some Committee members and Coordinators. Representatives of Youth Justice Policy in Justice Canada led an information session on the legislation in Iqaluit. Several community representatives and Justices of the Peace were sponsored by Justice Canada to attend the session. However, several Committees have identified the need for further information sessions on the YCJA, as well as funds to establish land and cultural programs for youth.
Community Justice Committees vary in their ability to secure funds. The Pangnirtung committee is exceptionally effective in this regard. It was noted above that the Pangnirtung committee has applied for and received National Crime prevention Strategy funds for its land program. This Committee has also managed to secure $13,000 from Brighter Futures, a Health Canada initiative, for one year of parenting and traditional sewing classes, as well as $15,000 from the Aboriginal Healing Foundation for a summer land program. In part, the success of the Pangnirtung committee is due to the stability of its membership, and its trial-and-error experience in planning projects and drafting proposals.
The Pangnirtung approach to fund-raising is an accomplishment that should be shared with other committees. In particular, the Pangnirtung Committee appears to be skillful at designing programs, identifying potential funders, and drafting the relevant proposals. The Specialists may want to include fund-raising as a topic at regional training sessions.
 Source: Nunavut Justice.
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