A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 10 - Territories (continued)

10.7 Geographic Questions

This next section describes where Aboriginal youth included in the Snapshot of the Territories spent the majority of their time during the two years preceding their current admission, where they committed their offence, and where they plan to relocate. In particular, respondents answered these three questions by indicating if they were in a city, town, Inuit community, reserve or another location.

In the Territories, the majority of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day indicated that they were in a town, regardless of the question.

10.7.1 Where the Youth Lived Preceding Their Current Admission

Figure 10.6 and Table 10.6 describes where the youth in the Snapshot spent the majority of their time during the two years before his or her admission. In the Territories, almost three-fifths (58%) of Aboriginal youth included in the Territories Snapshot lived in a town during the two years preceding his/her current admission, while 21% lived in a city, 12% in an "other" location and 8% in an Inuit community.

Figure 10.6 Where the youth spent majority of time during the two years before his/her current admission.

Figure 10.6 - Where the youth spent majority of time during the two years before his/her current admission.
[Description of Figure 10.6]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 10.6 reports on the relationship between age and where the youth spent the majority of their time during the two years before their current admission. In the Territories, younger youth were most likely to have lived in a town during the two years before their current admission. For instance, 69% of the 14-15 year olds lived in a town during the two years prior to their current admission, compared to 58% of the 16-17 year olds and 40% of those 18 years of age and older.

Males were more likely than females to have lived in a town for the majority of time before their current admission (61% versus 41%). Meanwhile females were more likely than males to have lived in a city (35% versus 18%).

Examining MSOs suggests that youth who lived in a town or city were most likely to have a property-related MSO. Of those who lived in a town or city before their current admission, the largest proportion was guilty of a property crime (73% and 71%, respectively), compared to 63% of those who lived in a Inuit community and 55% of those who lived in an "other" location (see Table 10.8). [1]

Table 10.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 101 youth in the Northern Snapshot, the largest proportion (N=20 or 20%) lived in Inuvik during the two years preceding their current admission, followed by Yellowknife (N=14 or 14%).

However, a slightly different picture emerges when examining the proportion of 12-17 year old Aboriginal youth from each community who were in custody on Snapshot day. Nine youth indicated that they lived in Fort McPherson prior to their current admission, representing 10% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community. Meanwhile, the 20 youth who lived in Inuvik represent 9% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community.

10.7.2 Where the Offence was Committed/Allegedly Committed

Figure 10.7 and Table 10.6 describes where the youth in the Snapshot of the Territories committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission. Three-fifths (60%) of Aboriginal youth committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a town, compared to 21% in a city, 10% in an "other" location, and 8% in an Inuit community.

Figure 10.7 Where the offence was committed or allegedly committed

Figure 10.7 - Where the offence was committed or allegedly committed
[Description of Figure 10.7]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

An analysis of age suggests that a larger proportion of younger than older youth committed/allegedly committed their offence in a town. Sixty-five percent of the 14-15 year olds committed/allegedly committed their offence in a town, compared to 60% of the 16-17 year olds and 30% of those 18 years of age and older. However, due to small cell sizes, differences between age groups must be interpreted with caution (see Table 10.6).

In the Territories, males were more likely than females to have committed/allegedly committed their offence in a town (65% versus 41%), while females were more likely than males to have committed/allegedly committed in a city (35% versus 18%).

An examination of where the youth were when they committed their most serious offence reveals that youth in a town were most likely to have a property-related MSO. Seventy-five percent of the youth who committed their offence in a town and 68% of those who committed their offence in a city had a property-related MSO, compared to 63% of those who were in an Inuit community and 44% of those in an "other" location. Similar proportions of youth who committed their offence in a city and town had a crime against the person MSO (21% and 20%, respectively). [2]

Table 10.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 101 youth in the Northern Snapshot, the largest proportion committed/allegedly committed their offence in Yellowknife (N=19 or 19%), followed by Inuvik (N=13 or 13%) and Fort Smith (N=12 or 12%).

However, a slightly different picture emerges when examining the proportion of 12-17 year old Aboriginal youth from each community who were in custody on Snapshot day. Nine youth indicated that they committed/allegedly committed their offence in Fort McPherson , representing 10% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community. Meanwhile, the 12 youth committed/allegedly committed their offence in Fort Smith represent 7% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community.

10.7.3 Where the Youth Plan to Relocate Upon Release

Figure 10.8 and Table 10.6 describes where the Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day plan to relocate upon release. In the Territories, three-fifths (61%) of Aboriginal youth plan to relocate to a town upon release, compared to 21% who plan to relocate to a city, 10% to an "other" location, and 7% to an Inuit community.

Figure 10.8 Relocation Plans

Figure 10.8 - Relocation Plans
[Description of Figure 10.8]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Younger youth were most likely to indicate that they plan to relocate to town. For instance, 73% of the 14-15 year olds plan to relocate to a town, compared to 57% of the 16-17 year olds and 40% of those 18 years of age and older. Meanwhile, 19% of the 14-15 year olds and 23% of the 16-17 year olds plan to relocate to a city (see Table 10.6).

The data suggests females were slightly more likely than males to plan to relocate to a city (35% versus 18%), while males were more likely than females to plan to relocate to a town (65% versus 41%).

Examining MSO and relocation plans reveals that those planning to relocate to a city or town were most likely to have a property-related MSO (74% each), compared to 57% of those who plan to relocate to an Inuit community and 44% of those who plan to relocate to an "other" location (see Table 10.8). [3]

Table 10.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 101 youth in the Northern Snapshot, the largest proportion (N=16 or 16%) plan to relocate to Inuvik , followed by Yellowknife (N=13 or 13%) and Fort Smith (N=11 or 11%).

However, a slightly different picture emerges when examining the proportion of 12-17 year old Aboriginal youth from each community who were in custody on Snapshot day. Eight youth indicated that they plan to relocate to Fort McPherson , representing 9% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in each community. Meanwhile, 11 youth plan to relocate to Fort Smith and 16 to Inuvik , representing 7% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in each community.


  • [1] Due to small cell sizes, an analysis of MSC and where youth lived prior to their current admission was not conducted.

  • [2] Due to small cell sizes, an analysis of MSC and where the youth committed/allegedly committed their offence was not conducted.

  • [3] Due to small cell sizes, an analysis of MSC and where youth plan to relocate was not conducted.

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