A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 2 - National Overview (continued)

2.2 Demographic Information

Across Canada on Snapshot day, eight in ten Aboriginal youth (82%) in custody were male. Figure 2.3 and Table 2.1 (see end of chapter for all tables) describes the gender and age distribution of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day. The largest proportion of Aboriginal youth was between 16-17 years of age (52%), followed by those between 14-15 years of age (29%), 18 years of age and older (16%), and 12-13 years old (4%). The median age was 16.

These age related patterns held for both gender groups. However, Aboriginal males tended to be older than Aboriginal females. Males were more often found among those 16-17 years of age (52% versus 49% for females) while females figured more prominently among those 14-15 years of age (38% versus 26% for males).

Figure 2.3 Age and Gender Distribution of Aboriginal Youth in Custody on Snapshot Day

Figure 2.3 - Age and Gender Distribution of Aboriginal Youth in Custody on Snapshot Day
[Description]

Data was unavailable for 16 youth.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

More than three-quarters (78%) of the Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day were First Nations/North American Aboriginal, while 17% were Metis, 3% were Inuit and 2% were Inuvialuit. Of the youth who reported First Nations/North American Aboriginal origin, 90% were Status Indians (see Table 2.1).

Virtually all of the Aboriginal youth spoke English (97%), while 21% were bilingual (e.g. they also spoke an Aboriginal language, such as Mi'k Maq, Cree, etc.) (see Table 2.1). Less than 1% of the youth in custody on Snapshot day spoke an Aboriginal language only.

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