A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 2 - National Overview (continued)

2.5 Sentence Length

Figure 2.7 and Table 2.5 describes the various sentence lengths being served by Aboriginal youth included in the snapshot. Eighteen percent (each) of youth were sentenced to custody for 150 to 199 days or 300 to 399 days, while 16% were sentenced for 50 to 99 days. Almost one-half (48%) of the youth were sentenced for 1 to 199 days. Meanwhile, two-thirds (66%) of the youth were sentenced to 1 to 299 days. The median custody length was 213 days.

Figure 2.7 Sentence Length Being Served on Snapshot Day

Figure 2.7 - Sentence Length Being Served on Snapshot Day
[Description]

Sentence Length Data was missing for 9 youth.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

A larger proportion of females than males was sentenced to custody for less than 99 days (58% versus 39%). In fact, 77% of the females were sentenced to 199 days or less, compared to 59% of the males.

Older youth tended to serve longer sentences in comparison to younger youth. For instance, 62% of those 18 years of age and older were serving a sentence for 200 days or more, compared to 59% of the 16-17 year olds, 35% of the 14-15 year olds, and 20% of the 12-13 year olds. Meanwhile, 59% of the 12-13 year olds were serving a sentence of 99 days or less, compared to 32% of the 14-15 year olds, 18% of the 16-17 year olds, and 13% of those 18 years of age and older. However, revealing that older youth were serving longer sentences than younger youth was expected given that older youth were most likely to have an MSO or MSC for a crime against the person - offences that typically receive longer sentences. It also helps explain why someone over the age of 18 is still within a youth facility (see Table 2.5).

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