A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 2 - National Overview (continued)

2.6 Geographic Questions

This next section describes where Aboriginal youth included in the snapshot spent the majority of their time during the two years preceding their current admission, where they committed their offence, and where they plan to relocate. In particular, respondents answered these three questions by indicating if they were in (or plan to be in) a city, town, reserve, or another location.

Overall, the majority of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day indicated that they were in a city, regardless of the question. However, this "urban" phenomenon is not surprising given that many Canadian cities - especially in the western provinces - have large Aboriginal populations.

2.6.1 Where the Youth Lived Preceding Their Current Admission

Figure 2.8 and Table 2.6 describes where the youth included in the snapshot spent the majority of their time during the two years before his or her admission. Overall, more than one-half (53%) of Aboriginal youth included in the Snapshot lived in a city during the two years preceding his/her current admission, while 23% lived on an Aboriginal reserve and 21% lived in a town. One-percent lived in an Inuit community.

Figure 2.8 Pre-Custody Location

Figure 2.8 - Pre-Custody Location
[Description of Figure 2.8]

Data missing for 3 youth.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 2.6 reports the relationship between age and where the youth spent the majority of their time during the two years before their current admission. In general, older youth were more likely than younger youth to have lived on a reserve during the two years before their current admission, while younger youth were more likely than older youth to have lived in a city.

A slightly larger proportion of 12 to 13 (57%) and 14 to 15 year olds (57%) lived in a city during the two years preceding their current admission when compared to 16 to 17 year olds (50%) and those who were 18 years of age or older (52%). More than one-quarter (28%) of those who were 18 years or older lived on a reserve during the two years prior to the current admission, followed by 12 to 13 and 16 to 17 year olds (24% each) and 14-15 year olds (17%). More than one-fifth (24%) of the 14-15 year olds lived in a town during the two years prior to their current admission, followed by 16 to 17 year olds (22%), 12 to 13 year olds (17%) and those 18 years of age or older (16%) (see Table 2.6).

A larger proportion of females than males spent a majority of their time during the two years before his/her current admission in a city (63% versus 50%). Meanwhile, 22% of the males versus 15% of the females lived in a town, and 24% of the males and 19% of the females lived on a reserve (see Table 2.7).

Examining MSOs suggests that youth who lived on a reserve were equally likely to have an MSO for a crime against the person or a property crime, while youth who lived in a city or a town were most likely to have committed a property-related offence. Of those who lived on a reserve for the majority of time before their current admission, 45% (each) were guilty of a property crime and a crime against the person, while 8% were guilty of other Criminal Code offences. In comparison, of those who lived in a town for a majority of time preceding his/her current admission, 57% were guilty of a property-related offence, while 31% were guilty of a crime against the person, and 7% were guilty of other Criminal Code offences. Similarly, of the youth who lived in a city, 45% had an MSO for a property-related offence, while 37% were guilty of a crime against the person, and 14% for other Criminal Code offences (see Table 2.8).

As with MSO, youth who lived on a reserve were most likely to have an MSC for a crime against the person, while those who lived in a city or town were most likely to have a property-related MSC. Forty-seven percent of those who lived on a reserve had an MSC for a crime against the person, followed by 37% charged with a property crime, and 12% charged with other Criminal Code offences. Similar proportions of those who lived in a town had an MSC for a crime against the person and a property crime (39% and 42%, respectively), followed by 13% charged with other Criminal Code offences. Finally, 40% of those who lived in city had an MSC for a property crime, followed by 35% who were charged with a crime against the person, and 21% for other Criminal Code offences (see Table 2.9).

2.6.2 Where the Offence was Committed/Allegedly Committed

Figure 2.9 and Table 2.6 describes where the Snapshot youth committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission. Almost three-fifths (58%) of Aboriginal youth committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a city, compared to 23% in a town and 17% on an Aboriginal reserve. One-percent committed or allegedly committed the offence in an Inuit community.

Figure 2.9 Location where the offence was committed or allegedly committed

Figure 2.9 - Location where the offence was committed or allegedly committed
[Description of Figure 2.9]

Data missing for 3 youth.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

A slightly larger proportion of 14 to 15 year olds (60%) than 12 to 13 year olds (57%), 16 to 17 year olds (55%) and those 18 years or older (55%) committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a city. Similar proportions of all age groups committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in town. Twelve percent of the 14 to 15 year olds committed or allegedly committed the offence on a reserve, compared to 19% of the 16 to 17 year olds, 19% of the 12 to 13 year olds and 20% those 18 years of age and over (see Table 2.6).

A larger proportion of females than males committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a city (66% versus 55%). Meanwhile, 24% of the males versus 17% of the females committed or allegedly committed their offence in a town, and 18% of the males and 14% of the females on a reserve (see Table 2.7).

An examination of where the youth were when they committed their most serious offence reveals that those who were on a reserve were most likely to commit an offence against the person, while youth in a town or city were most likely to have a property-related MSO. Of the youth who committed their MSO on a reserve, the largest proportion 47% was guilty of a crime against the person, compared to 38% of the youth who committed a similar offence in a city and 31% in a town. Conversely, of the youth who committed their MSO in a city or town, the largest proportion was guilty of a property offence (46% and 58%, respectively), compared to 42% of the youth who committed a property offence on a reserve (see table 2.8).

An examination of where the youth on remand were when they were charged reveals that those on a reserve were most likely to have been charged with a crime against the person. Of the youth who received their MSC on a reserve, 48% were charged with a crime against the person, while 44% of the youth who lived in a town and 35% of those who lived in a city were charged with a similar offence. Similar proportions of youth who lived in a city, town or on a reserve were charged with a property-related offence (39%, 38% and 40%, respectively) (see table 2.9).

2.6.3 Where the Youth Plan to Relocate Upon Release

Figure 2.10 and Table 2.6 describes where the Aboriginal youth in custody on snapshot day plan to relocate upon release. More than one-half (55%) of Aboriginal youth plan to relocate to a city upon release, compared to 21% who plan to relocate to an Aboriginal reserve and 20% to a town. One-percent plan to relocate to an Inuit community.

Figure 2.10 Relocation Plans

Figure 2.10 - Relocation Plans
[Description of Figure 2.10]

Data missing for 2 youth.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Older youth were slightly more likely than younger youth were to indicate that they plan to relocate to an Aboriginal reserve upon release from custody. Almost one-quarter of those 18 years of age and older (24%) and 23% of those 16 to 17 years of age plan to relocate to a reserve, compared to 17% of the 14 to 15 year olds and 22% of the 12 to 13 year olds. In comparison, younger youth were more likely than older youth to indicate they plan to relocate to a town. Over one-quarter (28%) of the 12 to 13 year olds plan to relocate to a town, compared to 21% of the 16 to 17 year olds, 20% of the 14 to 15 year olds and 16% of those 18 years of age and older. Three-fifths (60%) of the 14 to 15 year olds plan to relocate to a city, compared to 51% of the 16 to 17 year olds, 54% of those 18 years of age and older, and 50% of the 12 to 13 year olds (see Table 2.6).

A larger proportion of females than males plan to relocate to a city upon release (65% versus 52%). Meanwhile, 21% of the males versus 14% of the females plan to relocate to a town, and 22% of the males and 18% of the females plan to relocate on a reserve (see Table 2.7).

An examination of MSO and relocation plans reveals that the largest proportion of those planning to relocate to a reserve had a crime against the person MSO (46%), while the largest proportion of those planning to relocate to a city or town was guilty of a property-related crime (46% and 55%, respectively) (see Table 2.8).

A similar pattern emerges when examining relocation plans and most serious charges. The largest proportion of those planning to relocate to a reserve was charged with a crime against the person (48%), while the largest proportion of those planning to relocate to a city or town had a property-related MSC (40% and 46%, respectively) (see Table 2.9).

Date modified: