A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 3 - Atlantic (continued)

3.2 Results

In the Atlantic , there were 22 Aboriginal youth in custody (open, secure or remand) on Snapshot Day. Among the provinces/territories, the Atlantic Provinces accounted for 2% of the total number of Aboriginal youth in custody across Canada on Snapshot day.

Statistics Canada census data (1996) reveals there are 4,485 Aboriginal youth between 12-17 years of age living in the Atlantic region. The Aboriginal youth in the Atlantic Snapshot represent less than 1% of this population.

On Snapshot Day, there were 9 open and secure facilities in Atlantic Canada with Aboriginal youth on register. This represents 4% of the total number of Snapshot facilities across Canada (N=228).

The total operational capacity (the number of permanent youth beds in each facility) of the Atlantic facilities was 383. The Atlantic Provinces accounted for 7% of the total operational capacity of the Snapshot facilities across Canada (N=5,797). Aboriginal youth from the Atlantic Snapshot occupied 6% of the total number of beds within the participating facilities in those provinces. [1] (Nationally, Aboriginal youth occupied 20% of the total number of beds within the participating facilities.)

The custodial facilities included in this study varied with respect to types of custody provided (e.g. secure, open, or remand), description (e.g. group home, treatment centre, and boot camp) and whether they housed male and/or female youth. In the Atlantic , the largest proportion of youth was in open custody (68%), followed by remand (27%) and secure custody (18%). [2] Of the 22 youth included in the Atlantic Snapshot, 18% (N=4) were serving a combination sentence (e.g. secure and remand, open and remand, or open and secure). Of the remaining 18 youth, the largest proportion was serving an open sentence only (71%), followed by remand only (24%) and secure custody only (6%). [3]

Figure 3.1 describes the type of facilities in which Aboriginal youth were registered on Snapshot day. The most common description of facilities was secure/open and detention/custody centre (44%), followed by group home (33%).

Figure 3.1 Facility Type

Figure 3.1 - Facility Type

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

The largest proportion of facilities was considered co-ed/male and female (71%), followed by male only (2 facilities).

  • [1] We were unable to calculate the total number of permanent beds in each jurisdiction because facilities without Aboriginal youth on snapshot day did not participate in the study.

  • [2] Total equals more than 100% because some youth were serving a combination sentence (e.g. secure custody and remand).

  • [3] Data missing/unknown for 1 youth.

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