A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 4 - Quebec (continued)

4.8 Mobility Patterns

The previous section revealed that Aboriginal youth included in the Quebec Snapshot were most likely to have lived in on a reserve for the two years preceding their current admission, committed or allegedly committed their offence on a reserve, and plan to relocate to a reserve. However, the section did not reveal mobility patterns across the three main Snapshot questions. For instance, of the youth who lived on a reserve prior to their current admission, what proportion committed their offence on a reserve, and what proportion committed their offence in a different location (e.g. city or town)?

To address this question, the respondents' answers were examined across the three main Snapshot questions (from where they lived, to where they committed or allegedly committed their offence and where they plan to relocate). Overall, the analysis reveals little mobility - a majority of youth remained in the same location type across the three main Snapshot questions. [1] Youth who lived on a reserve were most likely to have committed or allegedly committed their offence on a reserve and plan to relocate to a reserve.

Of the youth in Quebec who indicated that they spent a majority of time during the two years before their current admission on a reserve, the largest proportion (79%) also committed or allegedly committed their offence on a reserve, and plan to relocate to a reserve.

Of the youth in Quebec who indicated that they spent a majority of time during the two years before their current admission in a city, the largest proportion (75%) also committed or allegedly committed their offence in a city and plan to relocate to a city.


[1] This analysis was conducted at the city, town and reserve level and does not account for movement across specific locations (e.g. whether a youth committed their offence in city "A" and plans to relocate to city "B").

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