A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 5 - Ontario (continued)

5.5 Most Serious Charge

Figure 5.5 and Table 5.2 describes the most serious charge/alleged offence committed by Aboriginal youth serving remand on Snapshot day. Similar to the MSO analysis, youth on remand were most likely to be associated with a crime against the person. In Ontario , the largest proportion of Aboriginal youth serving remand was charged with an offence against the person (43%), followed by property offences (34%), and other Criminal Code offences (21%). [1]

Figure 5.5 Most Serious Charge - Remand

Figure 5.5 - Most Serious Charge - Remand
[Description]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Of those charged with an offence against the person, 31% were charged for assault with a weapon/causing bodily harm, 15% (each) for assault, aggravated assault and murder/attempted murder. Of those charged for a property-related offence, less than one-half (48%) were charged with break and enter (see Table 5.3).

A larger proportion of male than female Aboriginal youth was charged with a property-related offence (40% versus 20%). Meanwhile, a larger proportion of female than male Aboriginal youth was charged with an offence against the person (47% versus 42%). Females were more likely than males to be charged with other Criminal Code offences (33% and 16% respectively) (see Table 5.2). [2]

Unlike the national chapter - where younger youth were most likely to be charged with a crime against the person - in Ontario , a varied pattern emerges with respect to age and MSC. More than two-thirds (67%, each) of the 12-13 year olds and those 18 years of age and older had a crime against the person MSC. In comparison, 41% of the 16-17 year olds and 29% of the 14-15 year olds were alleged to have committed a similar offence. A larger proportion of 14-15 year olds than 16-17 year olds had an MSC for a property-related offence (53% versus 34%, respectively) (see table 5.4). However, in this instance, differences between age groups must be interpreted with caution, as small cell sizes produce large percentage differences.


  • [1] The analysis of MSC involves much smaller numbers in comparison to MSO; hence, the figures in this section are more susceptible to large fluctuations when calculating proportions (they are more volatile).

  • [2] Due to small cell sizes, an analysis of offence types was not conducted.

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