A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 7 - Saskatchewan (continued)

7.2 Results

In Saskatchewan , there were 264 Aboriginal youth in custody (open, secure or remand) on Snapshot day. Among the provinces/territories, Saskatchewan had the second largest proportion of Aboriginal youth in custody (23%), compared to 24% in Ontario .

Statistics Canada census data (1996) reveals there are 14,615 Aboriginal youth between 12-17 years of age living in Saskatchewan . The Aboriginal youth in the Saskatchewan Snapshot represent 2% of this total population.

On Snapshot day, there were 50 open and secure facilities in Saskatchewan with Aboriginal youth on register. This represents 22% of the total number of Snapshot facilities across Canada (N=228).

The total operational capacity (the number of permanent youth beds in each facility) of the facilities included in the Saskatchewan Snapshot was 439. Saskatchewan accounted for 8% of the total operational capacity of the Snapshot facilities across Canada (N=5,797). Aboriginal youth included in the Saskatchewan Snapshot occupied three-fifths (60%) of the total number of beds within the participating facilities in that province. [1] In comparison, Aboriginal youth across Canada occupied one-fifth (20%) of the total number of beds within the participating facilities.

The custodial facilities included in this jurisdiction varied with respect to types of custody provided (e.g. secure, open, or remand), description (e.g. group home, treatment centre, and boot camp) and whether they housed male and/or female youth. The largest proportion of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day was in secure custody (50%), followed by open custody (33%), and remand (21%). [2] Of the 264 youth included in the Saskatchewan Snapshot, 5% (N=13) were serving a combination sentence (e.g. secure and remand, open and remand, or open and secure). Of the remaining 251 youth, the largest proportion was serving a secure sentence only (48%), followed by open only (31%) and remand only (21%).

Figure 7.1 describes the type of facilities within which Aboriginal youth were registered on Snapshot day. The most common facility description was foster/community home (82%), followed by secure/open detention/custody centre (13%).

Figure 7.1 Facility Type

Figure 7.1 - Facility Type
[Description]

Data was missing for 5 facilities.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

The largest proportion of facilities was considered male only (68%), followed by co-ed/male and female, and female only (8% each).


  • [1] We were unable to calculate the total number of permanent beds in each jurisdiction because facilities without Aboriginal youth on Snapshot day did not participate in the study.

  • [2] Total equals more than 100% because some youth were serving combination sentences (e.g. secure custody and remand).

Date modified: