A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 7 - Saskatchewan (continued)

7.7 Geographic Questions

This next section describes where Aboriginal youth included in the Snapshot spent the majority of their time during the two years preceding their current admission, where they committed their offence, and where they plan to relocate. In particular, respondents answered these three questions by indicating if they were in (or plan to be in) a city, town, reserve, or another location.

Overall, the majority of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day indicated that they were in a city, regardless of the question. However, this "urban" phenomenon is not surprising given that many Canadian cities - especially in the western provinces - have large Aboriginal populations.

7.7.1 Where the Youth Lived Preceding Their Current Admission

Figure 7.7 and table 7.6 describes where the youth included in the snapshot spent the majority of the time during the two years before their current admission. Overall, more than one-half (56%) of Aboriginal youth in the Snapshot lived in a city during the two years preceding his/her current admission, while 22% lived in a town and 21% on an Aboriginal reserve.

Figure 7.7 Pre-Custody Location

Figure 7.7 - Pre-Custody Location
[Description of Figure 7.7]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 7.6 reports on the relationship between age and where the youth spent the majority of their time during the two years before their current admission. In general, older youth were more likely than younger youth to have lived on a reserve during the two years before their current admission, while younger youth were more likely than older youth to have lived in a city.

No discernible pattern emerges with respect to age and where youth lived for a majority of time preceding their current admission. Similar proportions of those between 12-13, 14-15 and 18 years of age and older lived in a city prior to their current admission (53%, 50%, and 53%, respectively). Sixty-four percent of those between 14-15 years of age lived in a city. A varied pattern emerges with respect to Aboriginal youth who lived on a reserve. Twenty-nine percent of the 12-13 year olds lived on a reserve preceding their current admission, compared to 14% of the 14-15 year olds, 22% of the 16-17 year olds, and 30% of those 18 years of age and older (see Table 7.6).

A larger proportion of females than males spent a majority of the time during the two years before their current admission in a city (80% versus 52%). Meanwhile, 24% of the males versus 14% of the females lived in a town, and 24% of the males and 7% of the females lived on a reserve (see Table 7.7).

Examining MSOs suggests that youth who lived on a reserve were more likely than youth who lived in a city or town to be guilty of a property-related offence. More than three-fifths (63%) of youth who lived on a reserve were guilty of a property crime, compared to 48% who were guilty of a similar offence in a town, and 49% in a city. Meanwhile, youth who lived in a city or town were more likely than youth who lived on a reserve to have a crime against the person MSO. Forty percent of those who lived in a town and 31% of those who lived in a city had a crime against the person MSO, compared to 29% of those who lived on a reserve (see Table 7.8). This finding is contrary to the national analysis, which revealed that Aboriginal youth living on a reserve were most likely to have a crime against the person MSO.

Due to small numbers, an analysis of MSC and where the youth lived was limited. However, the available evidence reveals a reverse pattern to what was found during the MSO analysis. In general, youth who lived on a reserve were more likely than youth who lived in a city to have a crime against the person MSC (50% versus 43%). (see table 7.9).

Table 7.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 264 youth in the Saskatchewan Snapshot, the largest proportion (N=49 or 19%) lived in Saskatoon during the two years preceding their current admission, followed by Regina (N=45 or 17%) and Prince Albert (N=23 or 9%).

However, a slightly different picture emerges when examining the proportion of 12-17 year old Aboriginal youth from each community who were in custody on Snapshot day. Five youth indicated that they lived in Stanley Mission prior to their current admission, representing 25% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community. Meanwhile, 10 youth lived in Yorkton (6% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community) and 13 in North Battleford and 5 in Pinehouse (4% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in each community).

7.7.2 Where the Offence was Committed/Allegedly Committed

Figure 7.8 and Table 7.6 describes where the Snapshot youth committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission. Almost two-thirds (65%) of Aboriginal youth committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a city, compared to 22% in a town and 13% on an Aboriginal reserve.

Figure 7.8 Location where the offence was committed or allegedly committed

Figure 7.8 - Location where the offence was committed or allegedly committed
[Description of Figure 7.8]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

A slightly larger proportion of younger youth than older youth committed/allegedly committed their offence in a city. Seventy-one percent of the 12-13 year olds committed/allegedly committed their offence in a city, compared to 63% of the 14 to 15 year olds, 67% of the 16 to 17 year olds, and 53% of those 18 years of age or older. Meanwhile, a larger proportion of those 18 years of age or older committed/allegedly committed their offence in a town (33%), compared to 20% of the 16-17 year olds and 26% of the 14-15 year olds (see Table 7.6).

A larger proportion of females than males committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a city (89% versus 60%). Meanwhile, 25% of the males versus 9% of the females committed or allegedly committed their offence in a town (see Table 7.7).

An examination of where the youth were when they committed their most serious offence reveals that those who were on a reserve were slightly more likely than those in a city or town to have a property-related MSO (59%, 50% and 53%, respectively). Conversely, those who were in a town or city were slightly more likely than those who were on a reserve to have a crime against the person MSO (37%, 32% and 28%, respectively) (see Table 7.8). [1]

Table 7.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 264 youth in the Saskatchewan Snapshot, the largest proportion committed/allegedly committed their offence in Saskatoon (N=48 or 18%) and Regina (N=47 or 18%), followed by Prince Albert (N=23 or 9%).

However, a slightly different picture emerges when examining the proportion of 12-17 year old Aboriginal youth from each community who were in custody on Snapshot day. Fifteen youth indicated that they committed/allegedly committed their offence in Yorkton , representing 9% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community. Meanwhile, 18 youth committed/allegedly committed their offence in North Battleford , representing 6% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community.

7.7.3 Where the Youth Plan to Relocate Upon Release

Figure 7.9 and table 7.6 describes where the Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day plan to relocate upon release. More than one-half (58%) of Aboriginal youth plan to relocate to a city upon release, compared to 22% who plan to relocate to a town, and 20% to a reserve.

Figure 7.9 Relocation Plans

Figure 7.9 - Relocation Plans
[Description of Figure 7.9]

Data missing for 1 youth.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

The data suggests that younger youth were more likely than older youth to indicate that they plan to relocate to a city upon release. Fifty-nine percent of the 12-13 year olds and 61% of the 14-15 year olds plan to relocate to a city, compared 57% of the 16-17 year olds and 53% of those 18 years of age and older. Conversely, slightly larger proportions of older than younger youth plan to relocate to a town upon release. Almost one-quarter (23% each) of the 16 to 17 year olds and those 18 years of age or older plan to relocate to a town, compared to 19% of the 14 to 15 year olds, and 18% of the 12 to 13 year olds (see Table 7.6).

A larger proportion of females than males plan to relocate to a city upon release (77% versus 54%). Meanwhile, 23% of the males versus 14% of the females plan to relocate to a town, and 22% of the males and 9% of the females plan to relocate to a reserve (see Table 7.7).

An examination of MSO and relocation plans reveals that the largest proportion of those planning to relocate to a reserve or a city had a property crime MSO (65% and 51%, respectively). Equal proportions of those planning to relocate to a town had a property-related and crime against the person MSO (41% each) (see Table 7.8). [2]

Table 7.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 264 youth in the Saskatchewan Snapshot, the largest proportion (N=51 or 19%) plan to relocate to Saskatoon , followed by Regina (N=48 or 18%) and Prince Albert (N=24 or 9%).

However, a slightly different picture emerges when examining the proportion of 12-17 year old Aboriginal youth from each community who were in custody on Snapshot day. Twelve youth indicated that they plan to relocate to Yorkton , representing 7% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community.


  • [1] Due to insufficient numbers, an analysis of where the youth were when they received their MSC was not completed.

  • [2] Due to insufficient numbers, an analysis of where the youth plan to relocate and MSC was not completed.

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