A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 8 - Alberta (continued)

8.3 Demographic Information

In Alberta , eighty-seven percent of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day were male. Figure 8.1 and Table 8.1 (see end of chapters for all tables) describes the gender and age distribution of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day. The largest proportion of Aboriginal youth was between 16-17 years of age (57%), followed by those between 14-15 years of age (25%), 18 years of age and older (15%), and 12-13 years old (3%). The median age in Alberta was 16.

Aboriginal males tended to be older than Aboriginal females. Males were more often found among those 16-17 years of age (58% versus 43% for females), while females were more prominent among those 14-15 years of age (36% versus 24% for males).

Figure 8.1 Age and Gender Distribution of Aboriginal Youth in Custody on Snapshot Day

Figure 8.1 - Age and Gender Distribution of Aboriginal Youth in Custody on Snapshot Day
[Description]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Two-thirds (66%) of the Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day were First Nations/North American Aboriginal, while 30% were Metis, and 4% were Inuit. Of the youth who reported First Nations/North American Aboriginal origin, 96% were Status Indians (see table 8.1).

Virtually all of the Aboriginal youth spoke English (99%), while 40% were bilingual (e.g. they also spoke an Aboriginal language, such as Mi'k Maq, Cree, etc.) (see Table 8.1).

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