A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 8 - Alberta (continued)

8.5 Most Serious Charge

Figure 8.4 and Table 8.2 describes the most serious charge/alleged offence (MSC) committed by Aboriginal youth serving remand on Snapshot day. In Alberta , similar proportions of youth on remand were charged for a property offence and an offence against the person (42% and 38%, respectively). Meanwhile, 11% of the youth on remand were charged for Federal/Provincial Statute offences, and 7% were charged for other Criminal Code offences. [1]

Figure 8.4 Most Serious Charge - Remand

Figure 8.4 - Most Serious Charge - Remand
[Description]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Of those charged with an offence against the person, 39% were charged for robbery, 33% for assault with a weapon/causing bodily harm, and 17% for murder. Of those charged for a property-related offence, 63% were charged with break and enter, while 26% were charged with theft (see Table 8.3). However, due to small numbers, these results must be interpreted with caution. [2]

Table 8.4 reports most serious charge (MSC) and age. Contrary to the analysis of age and MSO, there is some evidence to suggest that younger youth were as likely as older youth to be charged with a crime against the person or a property-related offence. Forty-six percent of the 14-15 and 41% of the 16-17 year olds had an MSC for a crime against the person. Meanwhile, 39% of the 14-15 year olds and 37% of the 16-17 year olds had an MSC for a property-related offence.


  • [1] The analysis of MSC involves much smaller numbers in comparison to MSO; hence, the figures in this section are more susceptible to large fluctuations when calculating proportions (they are more volatile).

  • [2] Due to insufficient numbers, an analysis of gender and MSC was not completed.

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