A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 9 - British Columbia (continued)

9.7 Geographic Questions

This section describes where Aboriginal youth included in the snapshot spent the majority of their time during the two years preceding their current admission, where they committed their offence, and where they plan to relocate. In particular, respondents answered these three questions by indicating if they were in (or plan to be in) a city, town, reserve, or another location.

Overall, the majority of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day indicated that they were in a city, regardless of the question. However, this "urban" phenomenon is not surprising given that many Canadian cities - especially in the western provinces - have large Aboriginal populations.

9.7.1 Where the Youth Lived Preceding Their Current Admission

Figure 9.7 and Table 9.6 describes where the youth in the Snapshot spent the majority of time during the two years before their current admission. Overall, more than three-fifths (63%) of Aboriginal youth in the British Columbia Snapshot lived in a city during the two years preceding his/her current admission, while 22% lived in a town and 14% lived on a reserve.

Figure 9.7 Pre-Custody Location

Figure 9.7 - Pre-Custody Location
[Description of Figure 9.7]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 9.6 reports on the relationship between age and where the youth spent the majority of time during the two years before their current admission. In general, younger youth were more likely than older youth to have lived in a city. A larger proportion of 14-15 (63%) and 16-17 (66%) year olds lived in a city during the two years preceding their current admission, compared to those 46% of those 18 years of age or older (see Table 9.6).

A larger proportion of females than males spent a majority of time during the two years before their current admission in a city (77% versus 57%). Meanwhile, 15% of the males and 12% of the females lived on a reserve, and 27% of the males and 12% of the females lived in a town (see Table 9.7).

Examining MSOs reveals that youth who lived in a city were most likely to have an MSO for a crime against the person, while youth who lived in a town or on a reserve were most likely to have committed a property-related offence. More than one-half (54%) of those who lived in a city had a crime against the person MSO, compared to 25% of those who lived in a town and 38% of those who lived on a reserve. Meanwhile, more than three-fifth (63%) of those who lived in a town and 50% of those who lived on a reserve had a property-related MSO, compared to 23% of those who lived in a city (see Table 9.8). [1]

Table 9.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 94 youth in the British Columbia Snapshot, the largest proportion (N=15 or 16%) lived in Vancouver during the two years preceding their current admission, followed by Prince George (N=6 or 6%).

No discernible pattern emerges when examining where Aboriginal youth lived prior to their current admission in relation to the total number of Aboriginal youth in the community. The 15 youth who lived in Vancouver represent 2% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community.

9.7.2 Where the Offence was Committed/Allegedly Committed

Figure 9.8 and Table 9.6 describes where the Snapshot youth committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission. More than two-thirds (67%) of Aboriginal youth committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a city, compared to 22% in a town and 9% on an Aboriginal reserve.

Figure 9.8 Location where the offence was committed or allegedly committed

Figure 9.8 - Location where the offence was committed or allegedly committed
[Description 9.8]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

A larger proportion of 14 to 15 year olds (72%) than 16 to 17 year olds (68%), and those 18 years or older (46%) committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a city. Conversely, a larger proportion of those 18 years of age and older (46%) than 16-17 year olds (21%) and 14-15 year olds (16%) committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in town (see Table 9.6).

A larger proportion of females than males committed or allegedly committed the offence for their current admission in a city (77% versus 63%). Meanwhile, 25% of the males and 15% of the females committed or allegedly committed their offence in a town (see Table 9.7).

An examination of where the youth were when they committed their most serious offence reveals that those in a city were most likely to commit an offence against the person, while youth in a town were most likely to have a property-related MSO. Of the youth who committed their MSO in a city, the largest proportion (54%) was guilty of a crime against the person, followed by those guilty of a property-related offence (23%). Meanwhile, of the youth who committed their MSO in a town, the largest proportion was guilty of a property offence (59%), while 24% were guilty of a crime against the person (see Table 9.8). [2]

Table 9.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 94 youth in the British Columbia Snapshot, the largest proportion (N=15 or 16%) committed/allegedly committed their offence in Vancouver , followed by Kamloops (N=9 or 10%).

No discernible pattern emerges when examining where Aboriginal youth committed/allegedly committed their offence in relation to the total number of Aboriginal youth in the community. The 15 youth who committed/allegedly committed their offence in Vancouver represent 2% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community.

9.7.3 Where the Youth Plan to Relocate Upon Release

Figure 9.9 and Table 9.6 describes where the Aboriginal youth in custody on snapshot day plan to relocate upon release. Two-thirds (67%) of Aboriginal youth plan to relocate to a city upon release, compared to 17% who plan to relocate to a town and 11% to an Aboriginal reserve.

Figure 9.9 Relocation Plans

Figure 9.9 - Relocation Plans
[Description 9.9]

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001).
Prepared by: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Younger youth were more likely than older youth to indicate that they plan to relocate to city upon release from custody. Seventy-eight percent of the 14-15 years olds plan to relocate to a city, compared to 65% of the 16-17 year olds and 38% of those 18 years of age and older. Meanwhile, 38% of those 18 years of age and older plan to relocate to a town, compared to 17% of the 16-17 year olds and 9% of the 14-15 year olds (see Table 9.6).

A larger proportion of females than males plan to relocate to a city upon release (84% versus 60%) (see Table 9.7).

An examination of MSO and relocation plans reveals that the largest proportion of those planning to relocate to a city had a crime against the person MSO (53%), while the largest proportion of those planning to relocate to a town was guilty of a property-related offence (54%) (see Table 9.8). [3]

Table 9.7a includes specific location names as well as 1996 census data to provide information concerning the proportion of Aboriginal youth from the various locations who were in custody on Snapshot day. Of the 94 youth in the British Columbia Snapshot, the largest proportion (N=15 or 16%) plan to relocate to Vancouver , followed by Prince George and Victoria (N=7 or 7% each).

No discernible pattern emerges when examining where Aboriginal youth plan to relocate in relation to the total number of Aboriginal youth in the community. The 15 youth who plan to relocate to Vancouver represent 2% of the 12-17 year old Aboriginal population in the community.



  • [1] Due to insufficient numbers, and analysis of MSC and where the youth lived was not conducted.

  • [2] Due to insufficient numbers, and analysis of where the youth were when they received their MSC was not conducted.

  • [3] Due to insufficient numbers, an analysis of MSC and relocation plans was not conducted.

Date modified: