A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 2 - National Overview - Tables


Table 2.1 - General Characteristics of Aboriginal Youth in Custody

Gender [1.1]
Variable N %
Male 932 82%
Female 204 18%
Total 1136 100%
Age [1.2]
Variable N %
12 7 1%
13 39 3%
14 112 10%
15 212 19%
16 296 26%
17 292 26%
18+ 185 16%
Total 1143 100%
Aboriginal Origin [1.3]
Variable N %
First Nations 844 78%
Metis 180 17%
Inuit 31 3%
Innu 3 0.3%
Inuvialuit 17 2%
Other 4 0.4%
Total 1079 100%
Aboriginal Status [1.4]
Variable N %
Status Indian 733 90%
Non-Status Indian 79 10%
Total 812 100%
Language [1.5]
Variable N %
English 1111 97%
Aboriginal 241 21%
French 32 3%
Other 11 1%
Total [1.6] 1148 122%
  • [1.1] Gender missing for 12 youth.
  • [1.2] Age missing for 5 youth.
  • [1.3] Aboriginal Origin missing for 69 youth.
  • [1.4] Aboriginal Status missing for 336 youth.
  • [1.5] Language missing for 28 youth.
  • [1.6] Total does not add up to 100% (or 1,148 youth) in custody because of multiple answers.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 2.2 Offence Type and Gender by Most Serious Offence (MSO) and Most Serious Charge (MSC)

MSO [2.1]
Offence Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Person 250 36% 60 45% 310 38%
Property 362 52% 42 31% 404 48%
Drugs 7 1% 3 2% 10 1%
Other Criminal Code 69 10% 25 19% 94 11%
Federal/Provincial Statutes 12 2% 4 3% 16 2%
Total MSO 700 100% 134 100% 834 100%
MSC [2.2]
Offence Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Person 79 35% 35 51% 114 39%
Property 101 45% 13 19% 114 39%
Drugs - - - - 3 1%
Other Criminal Code 32 14% 19 28% 51 18%
Federal/Provincial Statutes - - - - 10 3%
Total MSC 223 100% 69 100% 292 100%
  • [2.1] Data was missing for 10 youth
  • [2.2] Data was missing for 1 youth.
  • -: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 2.3 Selected Violent and Property Offences by Gender and Most Serious Offence (MSO) and Most Serious Charge (MSC)

MSO - Offences against the person
Offence Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Murder and Attempted Murder - - - - 15 5%
Aggravated Assault - - - - 13 4%
Assault w weapon/causing bodily harm 42 17% 17 28% 59 19%
Assault 45 18% 15 25% 63 20%
Sexual Offences - - - - 38 12%
Robbery 73 29% 14 23% 87 27%
Other violent offences 32 13% 10 17% 42 13%
Total 250 100% 60 100% 317 100%
MSO - Property Offences [3.1]
Offence Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
B&E 223 62% 21 50% 244 60%
Theft 93 26% 12 29% 105 26%
Possession Stolen Goods 30 8% 3 7% 33 8%
Other property offences 16 4% 6 14% 22 5%
Total 362 100% 42 100% 404 100%
MSC - Offences against the person [3.2]
Offence Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Murder and Attempted Murder 15 19% 4 11% 19 17%
Aggravated Assault 4 5% 10 29% 14 12%
Assault w weapon/causing bodily harm 18 23% 6 17% 24 21%
Assault 10 13% 11 31% 21 19%
Sexual Offences - - - - 9 8%
Robbery 20 25% 3 9% 23 20%
Other violent offences - - - - 3 3%
Total 79 100% 35 100% 113 100%
MSC - Property Offences
Offence Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
B&E 54 53% 3 23% 57 50%
Theft 22 22% 7 54% 29 25%
Possession Stolen Goods 9 9% - - 9 8%
Other property offences 16 16% 3 23% 19 17%
Total 101 100% 13 100% 114 100%
  • [3.1] Data was missing for 2 youth.
  • [3.2] Data was missing for 1 youth.
  • -: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 2.4 Offence Type and Age by Most Serious Offence (MSO) and Most Serious Charge (MSC)

MSO [4.1]
Offence Type 12-13 14-15 16-17 18+
N % N % N % N %
Person 5 19% 78 33% 162 38% 72 47%
Property 18 67% 119 50% 201 47% 67 44%
Drugs - - 3 1% 7 2% - -
Other CC 3 11% 33 14% 47 11% 11 7%
Fed/Prov Statutes - - 5 2% 8 2% - -
Total MSO 27 100% 238 100% 425 100% 152 100%
MSC
Offence Type 12-13 14-15 16-17 18+
N % N % N % N %
Person 8 44% 26 30% 66 42% 14 47%
Property 5 28% 43 49% 57 37% 9 30%
Drugs - - - - - - - -
Other CC 5 28% 14 16% 25 16% 8 23%
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - - -
Total MSC 18 100% 88 100% 156 100% 31 100%
  • [4.1] Data was missing for 2 youth.
  • -: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .



Table 2.5 Sentence Length by Age
Sentence Length 14-15 16-17 18+ TOTAL
N % N % N % N %
1-49 days 23 10% 18 4% - - 47 6%
50-99 days 51 22% 58 14% - - 132 16%
100-149 days 31 13% 31 7% - - 72 8%
150-199 days 37 16% 87 21% - - 151 18%
200-249 days 19 8% 35 8% - - 64 8%
250-299 days 25 11% 35 8% - - 78 9%
300-399 days - - 87 21% 30 20% 150 18%
400-499 days - - 32 8% 16 11% 57 7%
500-749 days - - 31 7% 22 14% 66 8%
750-999 days - - - - - - 7 1%
1000+ days - - - - - - 14 2%
TOTAL 235 100% 425 100% 152 100% 838 100%

Age Group 12-13 (N=26) was suppressed due to small numbers.
Data was missing for 310 youth due to remand status.
-: Number too small to be expressed.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 2.6 Location Type and Age by Pre-Custody Location, Offence Location and Post-Custody Location

Pre-Custody Location [6.1]
Location Type 12-13 14-15 16-17 18+ TOTAL
N % N % N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve 11 24% 55 17% 143 24% 52 28% 261 23%
Inuit Community - - 4 1% 9 2% - - 16 1%
Town 8 17% 76 24% 127 22% 29 16% 240 21%
City 26 57% 183 57% 295 50% 96 52% 600 53%
Unknown/Other - - 5 2% 13 2% - - 24 2%
Total Pre-Custody 46 100% 323 100% 587 100% 185 100% 1141 100%
Offence Location [6.2]
Location Type 12-13 14-15 16-17 18+ TOTAL
N % N % N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve 9 20% 40 12% 112 19% 36 19% 197 17%
Inuit Community - - 4 1% 10 2% 3 2% 17 1%
Town 11 24% 81 25% 131 22% 40 22% 263 23%
City 26 57% 194 60% 326 55% 101 55% 647 57%
Unknown/Other - - 5 2% 9 2% 5 3% 19 2%
Total Offence 46 100% 323 100% 588 100% 185 100% 1143 100%
Post-Custody Location [6.3]
Location Type 12-13 14-15 16-17 18+ TOTAL
N % N % N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve 10 22% 56 17% 135 23% 44 24% 245 21%
Inuit Community - - 3 1% 10 2% 3 2% 16 1%
Town 13 28% 64 20% 121 21% 30 16% 228 20%
City 23 50% 196 60% 298 51% 100 54% 617 55%
Unknown/Other - - 5 2% 22 4% 8 4% 35 3%
Total Post-Custody 46 100% 324 100% 586 100% 185 100% 1141 100%
  • [6.1] Data was missing for 7 youth.
  • [6.2] Data was missing for 5 youth.
  • [6.3] Data was missing for 7 youth.
  • -: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 2.7 Location Type and Gender by Pre-Custody Location, Offence Location and Post-Custody Location

Pre-Custody Location [7.1]
Location Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve 221 24% 38 19% 259 23%
Inuit Community - - - - 16 1%
Town 209 22% 31 15% 240 21%
City 468 50% 129 63% 597 53%
Unknown/Other - - - - 24 2%
Total Pre-Custody 932 100% 204 100% 1136 100%
Offence Location [7.2]
Location Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve 166 18% 29 14% 195 17%
Inuit Community - - - - 17 1%
Town 227 24% 35 17% 262 23%
City 509 55% 135 66% 644 57%
Unknown/Other - - - - 17 1%
Total Offence 932 100% 204 100% 1135 100%
Post-Custody Location [7.3]
Location Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve 207 22% 36 18% 243 21%
Inuit Community - - - - 16 1%
Town 200 21% 28 14% 228 20%
City 480 52% 132 65% 612 54%
Unknown/Other - - - - 35 3%
Total Post-Custody 931 100% 203 100% 1134 100%
  • [7.1] Data was missing for 12 youth.
  • [7.2] Data was missing for 13 youth.
  • [7.3] Data was missing for 13 youth.
  • -: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 2.8 Location Type and Most Serious Offence (MSO) Type by Pre-Custody Location, Offence Location and Post-Custody Location

Pre-custody Location [8.1]
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Inuit Community Town City Don't know / Other Grand Total
N % N % N % N % N % N %
Person 87 45% 7 44% 63 31% 152 37% 6 30% 315 37%
Property 87 45% 7 44% 116 57% 186 45% 10 50% 406 48%
Drugs - - - - - - 8 2% - - 10 1%
Other CC 16 8% - - 15 7% 58 14% - - 95 11%
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - 8 2% - - 16 2%
Total Pre-Custody 192 100% 16 100% 202 100% 412 100% 20 100% 842 100%
Offence Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Inuit Community Town City Don't know / Other Grand Total
N % N % N % N % N % N %
Person 67 47% 7 41% 67 31% 169 38% 7 50% 317 38%
Property 61 42% 8 47% 127 58% 205 46% 5 36% 406 48%
Drugs - - - - 3 1% 7 2% - - 10 1%
Other CC 15 10% - - 13 6% 63 14% - - 95 11%
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - 9 4% 6 1% - - 16 2%
Total Offence 144 100% 17 100% 219 100% 450 100% 14 100% 844 100%
Post-Custody Location [8.2]
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Inuit Community Town City Don't know / Other Grand Total
N % N % N % N % N % N %
Person 86 46% 7 44% 61 32% 156 37% 7 30% 317 38%
Property 84 44% 7 44% 106 55% 195 46% 13 57% 405 48%
Drugs - - - - 3 2% 7 2% - - 10 1%
Other CC 17 9% - - 14 7% 59 14% - - 95 11%
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - 7 4% 7 2% - - 16 2%
Total Post-Custody 189 100% 16 100% 191 100% 424 100% 23 100% 843 100%
  • [8.1] Data missing for 2 youth.
  • [8.2] Data missing for 1 youth.
  • -: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 2.9 - Location Type and Most Serious Charge (MSC) Type by Pre-Custody Location, Offence Location and Post-Custody Location

Pre-Custody Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Don't know / Other Grand Total
N % N % N % N % N %
Person 28 47% 15 39% 67 35% - - 114 39%
Property 22 37% 16 42% 76 40% - - 114 39%
Drugs - - - - - - - - 3 1%
Other CC 7 12% 5 13% 40 21% - - 52 18%
Fed/Prov Statutes 2 3% 2 5% 6 3% - - 10 3%
Total Pre-Custody 59 100% 38 100% 191 100% - - 293 100%
Offence Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Don't know / Other Grand Total
N % N % N % N % N %
Person 19 48% 20 44% 72 35% - - 114 39%
Property 16 40% 17 38% 80 39% - - 114 39%
Drugs - - - - - - - - 3 1%
Other CC 3 8% 6 13% 43 21% - - 52 18%
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - - - 10 3%
Total Offence 40 100% 45 100% 203 100% - - 293 100%
Post-Custody Location [9.1]
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Don't know / Other Grand Total
N % N % N % N % N %
Person 25 48% 12 32% 69 36% 7 64% 113 39%
Property 20 38% 17 46% 77 40% - - 114 39%
Drugs - - - - - - - - 3 1%
Other CC - - 7 19% 38 20% - - 52 18%
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - - - 10 3%
Total Post-Custody 52 100% 37 100% 192 100% 11 100% 292 100%

"Inuit community" category was suppressed due to small numbers.

  • [9.1]Data missing for 1 youth.
  • -: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

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