A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 8 - Alberta (continued) - Tables

Table 8.1 - General Characteristics of Aboriginal Youth in Custody

Gender [1.1]
Variable N %
Male 101 88%
Female 14 12%
Total 115 100%
Age
Variable N %
12 - -
13 4 3%
14 10 9%
15 19 16%
16 32 28%
17 34 29%
18+ 17 15%
Total 116 100%
Aboriginal Origin [1.2]
Variable N %
First Nations 76 66%
Metis 34 30%
Inuit 5 4%
Innu - -
Inuvialuit - -
Other - -
Total 115 100%
Aboriginal Status [1.3]
Variable N %
Status Indian 68 96%
Non-Status Indian 3 4%
Total 71 100%
Language
Variable N %
English 115 99%
Aboriginal 46 40%
French - -
Other - -
Total [1.4] 116 139%
  • [1.1] Gender missing for 1 youth.
  • [1.2] Aboriginal Origin missing for 1 youth.
  • [1.3] Aboriginal Status missing for 45 youth.
  • [1.4] Total does not add up to 100% (or 1,16 youth) in custody because of multiple answers.

- : Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.2 - Offence Type and Gender by Most Serious Offence (MSO) and Most Serious Charge (MSC)

MSO [2.1]
Offence Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Person - - - - 29 38%
Property 32 48% 5 71% 37 50%
Drugs - - - - - -
Other Criminal Code 4 6% - - 4 5%
Federal/Provincial Statutes 4 6% - - 4 5%
Total MSO 67 100% 7 100% 74 100%
MSC
Offence Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Person - - - - 18 39%
Property 16 41% 3 43% 19 41%
Drugs - - - - - -
Other Criminal Code - - - - 3 7%
Federal/Provincial Statutes - - - - 5 11%
Total MSC 39 100% 7 100% 46 100%

[2.1] Data was missing for 1 youth

-: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.3 - Selected Violent and Property Offences by Gender and Most Serious Offence (MSO) and Most Serious Charge (MSC)

MSO - Offences against the person
Offence Type Total
N %
Murder and Attempted Murder - -
Aggravated Assault - -
Assault with weapon/causing bodily harm - -
Assault - -
Sexual Offences - -
Robbery 13 45%
Other violent offences 10 35%
Total 29 100%
MSO - Property Offences
Offence Type Total
N %
B&E 18 49%
Theft 14 38%
Possession Stolen Goods - -
Other property offences - -
Total 37 100%
MSC - Offences against the person
Offence Type Total
N %
Murder and Attempted Murder 3 17%
Aggravated Assault - -
Assault with weapon/causing bodily harm 6 33%
Assault - -
Sexual Offences - -
Robbery 7 39%
Other violent offences - -
Total 18 100%
MSO - Property Offences
Offence Type Total
N %
B&E 12 63%
Theft 5 26%
Possession Stolen Goods - -
Other property offences - -
Total 19 100%

"Male" and "Female" Categories were suppressed due to small numbers.
-: Number too small to be expressed.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.4 - Offence Type and Age by Most Serious Offence (MSO) and Most Serious Charge (MSC)

MSO
Offence Type 14-15 16-17 18+
N % N % N %
Person 8 44% 14 33% 7 54%
Property 6 33% 24 57% 5 39%
Drugs - - - - - -
Other CC - - - - - -
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - -
Total MSO 18 100% 42 100% 13 100%
MSC
Offence Type 14-15 16-17 18+
N % N % N %
Person 6 46% 11 41% - -
Property 5 39% 10 37% - -
Drugs - - - - - -
Other CC - - - - - -
Fed/Prov Statutes - - 4 15% - -
Total MSC 13 100% 27 100% - -

"Age Group 12-13" category was suppressed due to small numbers (N=2).
-: Number too small to be expressed.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.5 - Sentence Length by Age
Sentence Length 14-15 16-17 18+ TOTAL
N % N % N % N %
1-49 days - - - - - - - -
50-99 days - - 9 22% - - 17 23%
100-149 days 5 28% 6 15% - - 11 15%
150-199 days - - 10 24% - - 14 19%
200-249 days - - - - - - - -
250-299 days - - 5 12% - - 7 10%
300-399 days 3 17% 6 15% 3 23% 12 16%
400-499 days - - - - - - 4 5%
500-749 days - - - - 3 23% 5 7%
750-999 days - - - - - - - -
1000+ days - - - - - - - -
TOTAL 18 100% 41 100% 13 100% 74 100%

Age Group 12-13 (N=2) was suppressed due to small numbers.
Data was missing for 42 youth due to remand status.
-: Number too small to be expressed.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.6 - Location Type and Age by Pre-Custody Location, Offence Location and Post-Custody Location

Pre-Custody Location
Location Type 12-13 14-15 16-17 18+ TOTAL
N % N % N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve - - 5 17% 12 18% 5 29% 22 19%
Inuit Community - - - - - - - - - -
Town - - 7 24% 22 33% - - 33 28%
City 3 75% 16 55% 31 47% 8 47% 58 50%
Unknown/Other - - - - - - - - - -
Total Pre-Custody 4 100% 29 100% 66 100% 17 100% 116 100%
Offence Location
Location Type 12-13 14-15 16-17 18+ TOTAL
N % N % N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve - - - - 8 12% - - 11 9%
Inuit Community - - - - - - - - - -
Town - - 9 31% 22 33% - - 39 34%
City - - 17 59% 35 53% - - 63 54%
Unknown/Other - - - - - - - - - -
Total Offence 4 100% 29 100% 66 100% 17 100% 116 100%
Post-Custody Location
Location Type 12-13 14-15 16-17 18+ TOTAL
N % N % N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve - - 6 21% 12 18% 3 18% 21 18%
Inuit Community - - - - - - - - - -
Town - - 4 14% 18 27% - - 28 24%
City - - 18 62% 34 52% - - 62 53%
Unknown/Other - - - - - - - - 3 3%
Total Post-Custody 4 100% 29 100% 66 100% 17 100% 116 100%

-: Number too small to be expressed.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.7 - Location Type and Gender by Pre-Custody Location, Offence Location and Post-Custody Location

Pre-Custody Location [7.1]
Location Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve - - - - 22 19%
Inuit Community - - - - - -
Town 28 28% 5 36% 33 29%
City 49 49% 8 57% 57 50%
Unknown/Other - - - - - -
Total Pre-Custody 101 100% 14 100% 115 100%
Offence Location [7.1]
Location Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve 11 11% - - 11 10%
Inuit Community - - - - - -
Town 33 33% 6 43% 39 34%
City 54 54% 8 57% 62 54%
Unknown/Other - - - - - -
Total Offence 101 100% 14 100% 115 100%
Post-Custody Location [7.1]
Location Type Male Female Total
N % N % N %
Aboriginal Reserve - - - - 21 18%
Inuit Community - - - - - -
Town - - - - 28 24%
City 51 51% 10 71% 61 53%
Unknown/Other 3 3% - - - -
Total Post-Custody 101 100% 14 100% 115 100%

[7.1] Data was missing for 1 youth.

-: Number too small to be expressed.

Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.7a - Location by Pre-Custody, Offence and Post-Custody Location

Pre-Custody Location
Location Total Aboriginal Youth in Location Total Aboriginal Youth in Custody % Youth in Custody VS Youth in Location
Calgary 1,490 12 1%
Edmonton 2,770 31 1%
Fort McMurray 575 5 1%
Hobbema - 9 -
Lac La Biche 65 5 8%
Lethbridge 275 5 2%
Offence Location
Location Total Aboriginal Youth in Location Total Aboriginal Youth in Custody % Youth in Custody VS Youth in Location
Calgary 1,490 11 1%
Edmonton 2,770 33 1%
Hobbema - 5 -
Lac La Biche 65 5 8%
Slave Lake 190 5 3%
Post-Custody Location
Location Total Aboriginal Youth in Location Total Aboriginal Youth in Custody % Youth in Custody VS Youth in Location
Calgary 1,490 12 1%
Edmonton 2,770 39 1%
Hobbema - 8 -

Note: All locations with less than five (5) Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot Day were excluded due to confidentiality issues. Data for Hobemma did not accurately reflect the total number of Aboriginal youth in the area, and therefore was suppressed for the final analysis.

Source: 1996 Census of Population, Statistics Canada and One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001). Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.8 - Location Type and Most Serious Offence (MSO) Type by Pre-Custody Location, Offence Location and Post-Custody Location

Pre-custody Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Grand Total
N % N % N % N %
Person 5 45% 7 28% 15 42% 29 39%
Property 6 55% 14 56% 16 44% 37 49%
Drugs - - - - - - - -
Other CC - - - - - - - -
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - 4 5%
Total Pre-Custody 11 100% 25 100% 36 100% 75 100%
Offence Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Grand Total
N % N % N % N %
Person - - - - 18 46% 29 39%
Property 3 60% 17 59% 16 41% 37 49%
Drugs - - - - - - - -
Other CC - - - - - - - -
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - 4 5%
Total Offence 5 100% 29 100% 39 100% 75 100%
Post-Custody Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Grand Total
N % N % N % N %
Person 5 38% 3 14% 19 50% 29 39%
Property 8 62% 14 67% 14 37% 37 49%
Drugs - - - - - - - -
Other CC - - - - - - - -
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - 4 5%
Total Post-Custody 13 100% 21 100% 38 100% 75 100%

"Inuit Community" and "Don't know/Other" categories were suppressed due to small numbers (N=2 each).
-: Number too small to be expressed.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

Table 8.9 - Location Type and Most Serious Charge (MSC) Type by Pre-Custody Location, Offence Location and Post-Custody Location

Pre-Custody Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Grand Total
N % N % N % N %
Person 5 42% - - 11 42% 18 39%
Property 5 42% 4 50% 10 39% 19 41%
Drugs - - - - - - - -
Other CC - - - - 3 12% - -
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - 5 11%
Total Pre-Custody 12 100% 8 100% 26 100% 46 100%
Offence Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Grand Total
N % N % N % N %
Person 3 50% 3 30% 12 41% 18 39%
Property - - - - 12 41% 19 41%
Drugs - - - - - - - -
Other CC - - - - 3 10% - -
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - 5 11%
Total Offence 6 100% 10 100% 29 100% 46 100%
Post-Custody Location
Offence Type Aboriginal Reserve Town City Grand Total
N % N % N % N %
Person - - - - 12 43% 18 39%
Property 3 33% 5 71% 11 39% 19 41%
Drugs - - - - - - - -
Other CC - - - - 3 11% - -
Fed/Prov Statutes - - - - - - 5 11%
Total Post-Custody 9 100% 7 100% 28 100% 46 100%

"Inuit Community" and "Don't know/Other" categories were suppressed due to small numbers (N=0 and N=2 respectively).
-: Number too small to be expressed.
Source: One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody (2001)
Prepared by Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada .

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