Departmental Performance Report 2011-12
Supplementary Information Tables

Horizontal Initiatives

Name of Horizontal Initiative

National Anti-Drug Strategy

Name of lead department

Department of Justice

Lead department program activity

Justice policies, laws and programs

Start date of the Horizontal Initiative

2007-08

End date of the Horizontal Initiative

2011-12 and Ongoing

Total federal funding allocation (start to end date)

$563.4 M

Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement)

The National Anti-Drug Strategy (NADS) was launched by the Government of Canada in 2007, with a clear focus on illicit drugs and a particular emphasis on youth. Its goal is to contribute to safer and healthier communities through coordinated efforts to prevent use, treat dependency and reduce production and distribution of illicit drugs. It encompasses three action plans: prevention, treatment and enforcement.

The Prevention Action Plan supports efforts to prevent youth from using illicit drugs by enhancing their awareness and understanding of the harmful social and health effects of illicit drug use, and to develop and implement community-based interventions and initiatives to prevent illicit drug use. The Treatment Action Plan supports effective treatment and rehabilitation systems and services by developing and implementing innovative and collaborative approaches. The Enforcement Action Plan aims to contribute to the disruption of illicit drug operations in a safe manner, particularly targeting criminal organizations.

Shared outcomes

  • Reduced demand for illicit drugs in targeted populations and areas;
  • Reduced impacts of illicit drug use through prevention and treatment efforts; and
  • Reduced supply of illicit drugs.

Governance structure

The governance structure of the Strategy consists of an Assistant Deputy Minister Steering Committee and working groups on policy and performance, prevention and treatment, enforcement, and communications. The governance structure is supported by the Youth Justice and Strategic Initiatives Section of the Department of Justice Canada.

The Assistant Deputy Minister Steering Committee (ADMSC), which is chaired by the Department of Justice Canada, oversees the implementation of the Strategy, making decisions necessary to advance the initiative, where required, and ensuring appropriate and timely outcomes for the initiative and accountability in the expenditure of initiative resources. The ADMSC prepares questions and makes recommendations for the consideration of Deputy Ministers, where appropriate.

The Prevention and Treatment Working Group, chaired by Health Canada, oversees the implementation of the Prevention Action Plan and Treatment Action Plans. The Enforcement Working Group, chaired by the Department of Public Safety Canada, oversees the implementation of the Enforcement Action Plan. The Policy and Performance Working Group, chaired by the Department of Justice Canada, oversees policy directions and outcomes for the Strategy and the work of the Sub-Committee on Evaluation and Reporting. The Communications Working Group, chaired by the Department of Justice Canada, oversees communication of the Strategy including making the decisions necessary to advance communication of the initiative to the public and stakeholder groups and ensuring coordination of such communications.

Performance highlights

For 2011-12, the 12 federal partner departments and agencies involved in the NADS continued to implement the Strategy as planned, with its focus on contributing to safer and healthier communities through coordinated efforts to prevent use, treat dependency, and reduce the production and distribution of illicit drugs. Since this is the last year of its first five year cycle, the partners discussed future activities for the NADS. As is required by the accountability structure for the Strategy, an impact evaluation was conducted and a management response and follow-up actions developed.

The overall operating environment did not change. Bill C-10, which included mandatory minimum penalties for serious drug offences, received Royal Assent in March 2012; therefore, funding for the legislation-related components of the Strategy, which had been held in a frozen allotment, became available in late March 2012.

The following tables present the performance results for each federal partner's program activities.

Federal Partner: Department of Justice

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
A1 – Justice policies, laws and programs a. Drug Treatment Courts $16.2M $3.6M $3.6M Link 1 Link 1
b. Youth Justice Fund
(Treatment Action Plan)
$6.8M $1.6M $1.4M Link 2 Link 2
c. Justice Canada Lead Role for the National Anti-Drug Strategy $1.4M $0.2M $0.2M Link 3 Link 3
C1 - Internal Services d. Justice Canada Lead Role for the National Anti-Drug Strategy $1.5M $0.3M $0.3M
e. National Anti-Drug Strategy $0.3M $0.1M $0.0M Support programs  
Total $26.2M $5.8M $5.5M    

Note: Amounts include EBP premiums and exclude Accommodation premiums.

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

Reduced drug substances relapse among drug treatment court clients.

Link 2

Overall Results:

  • To work collaboratively with interested provinces and territories as well as other stakeholders in order to identify gaps in drug treatment programs for youth in the justice system.
  • To introduce, pilot and evaluate a number of drug treatment options for youth involved in the youth justice system in communities.
  • To share knowledge of the piloted drug treatment programs and promising practices with provinces and territories as well as other interested stakeholders.

Immediate Outcomes:

  • Projects on treatment services and program enhancements.
  • Enhanced capacity to plan/deliver a range of treatment services and programs to targeted populations.

Intermediate Outcomes:

  • Increased availability of and access to effective treatment services and programs for targeted populations in areas of need.
  • Improved treatment systems, programs and services to address illicit drug dependency in targeted populations in areas of need.
Link 3

Effective leadership of the federal response to concerns around illicit drug prevention, treatment and enforcement through:

  • Exercising overarching responsibility for policy and coordination;
  • Maintaining the NADS Governance Structure;
  • Leading and coordinating all NADS communications activities;
  • Taking lead responsibility for accountability, evaluation and performance reporting; and
  • Leading the process for Strategy renewal for 2011-12.
Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1

Drug Treatment Court (DTC) pilots contribute to a reduction in criminal recidivism as well as a reduction in illicit drug use while in the program. Data collected through the Drug Treatment Court Information System show that drug treatment court clients have clean urine screen tests (i.e., no drug use) 75% of the time that they were in the program.

Link 2

In 2011-2012, a total of 15 projects were funded – 13 through contributions and two through grants. Of these, five were ongoing contribution agreements from previous years. The total value of these projects was $1,227,196 in contributions and $23,920 in grants. Of the 15 projects:

  • three were with a provincial government or their designate; and
  • 12 were with front-line community organizations.

Training/Education – Two projects were funded. Both were with provincial governments and involved training for front-line staff.

Information Sharing – Two projects were funded – one in British Columbia and one in New Brunswick. One was a conference and the other allowed an organization to visit existing drug treatment programs to gather information and network for the development of their own program.

Evaluation – One project to evaluate the drug treatment services for youth involved in the justice system in British Columbia was funded.

The remaining 10 projects were innovative pilot projects for various types of programming for youth with addictions who are involved in the justice system, as follows: Ontario – six; Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Alberta and British Columbia – one in each province.

In addition, a Symposium on Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment for Vulnerable Youth was led by Youth Justice and Strategic Initiatives at the Department of Justice in collaboration with Health Canada's Regions and Programs Branch and First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Public Safety Canada's National Crime Prevention Centre, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police's (RCMP) Youth Engagement Section, and the Homelessness Partnering Secretariat of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC). The Symposium brought together National Anti-Drug Strategy (NADS) funded organizations working in the area of substance abuse prevention and treatment for vulnerable youth on March 8-9, 2012. The symposium focused on sharing knowledge, best practices and promising approaches across several sectors including justice, health, crime prevention, and homelessness.

Link 3

Effective coordination of the federal response to prevent use, treat dependency and reduce production and distribution of illicit drugs through:

  • Exercising overarching responsibility for policy and coordination;
  • Organizing senior-level committee meetings to discuss future activities, communications, and evaluation and performance reporting;
  • Supporting the process for Parliamentary consideration of Bill C-10;
  • Coordinating NADS communication activities;
  • Taking lead responsibility for performance reporting; and
  • Conducting an evaluation and developing a management response and follow up actions.

Federal Partner: Health Canada

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
3.4.3 Controlled Substances a. Mass Media Campaign
(Prevention Action Plan)
$29.5M $6.9M $6.6M Link 1 Link 1
b. Drug Strategy Community Initiatives Fund (DSCIF)
(Prevention Action Plan)
$55.2M $11.0M $11.5M Link 2 Link 2
3.4 Substance Use and Abuse c. Drug Treatment Funding Program (DTFP)
(Treatment Action Plan)
$107.5M Table note i $32.9M $28.6M Link 3 Link 3
4.1.1.2 First Nations and Inuit Mental Health and Addictions d. National Native Alcohol and Drug Abuse Program (NNADAP)
(Treatment Action Plan)
$35.5M $10.1M $11.5M Link 4 Link 4
3.4.3 Controlled Substances e. Office of Controlled Substances
(Enforcement Action Plan)
$24.8M Table note ii $6.3M Table note ii $5.4M Link 5 Link 5
Transfer to Regional Programs Branch for Compliance & Enforcement activities
(Enforcement Action Plan)
$5.0M $1.8M $1.8M
f. Drug Analysis Services
(Enforcement Action Plan)
$45M Table note iii 10.5M Table note iii $10.5M Link 6 Link 6
$3.4M Footnote 1 $0.9M Footnote 1 $0.0M Footnote 1
Total $305.9 $80.4M $75.9M    

Note: Amounts include EBP and Accommodation premiums.

Note de table i

Excludes FY 2012-13 funding that was erroneously included in the 2011-12 RPP. Funding for the 2010-11 DPR had included transfers to Justice to fund the Drug Treatment Court Funding Program and to support governance, communications, evaluation and horizontal reporting functions for the NADS that should have come from the DSCIF and not the DTFP.

Retour à la référence de note de table i referrer

Note de table ii

Total Allocation was changed from $12.7M to $24.8M and Planned Spending was changed from $4.2M to $6.3M to properly align the resources approved for NADS.

Retour à la référence de note de table ii referrer

Note de table iii

Total Allocation was changed from $11.7M to $45.0M and Planned Spending was changed from $4.3M to $10.5M to properly align the resources approved for NADS.

Retour à la référence de note de table iii referrer

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

The mass media campaign plans to enhance the capacity of targeted populations to make informed decisions about illicit drug use. The mass media campaign will be measured by the change in the level of awareness, attitude, knowledge and capacity among targeted populations pertaining to their decisions regarding illicit drug use, related risk-taking behaviour and associated consequences. This will be conducted through post campaign public opinion research with both youth 13-15 years of age and their parents, and measured against the baseline surveys that were conducted with parents in 2008 and with youth in 2009. Other evaluation metrics will include: website statistics, Facebook fans, engagement, booklet downloads, calls to 1-800-O-Canada and the number of booklets ordered/shipped.

Link 2

DSCIF plans to enhance the capacity of targeted populations to make informed decisions about illicit drug use. The program's success and progress will be measured by the level/nature of acquired or improved knowledge/skills to avoid illicit drug use within the targeted population, and will be measured by evidence that capacity changes are influencing decision-making and behaviours around illicit drug use and associated consequences in targeted populations.

DSCIF also plans to strengthen community responses to illicit drug issues in targeted areas, and will measure their progress based on the type/nature of ways that community responses have been strengthened in targeted areas. For example, the adoption/integration of evidence-informed/best practices within the targeted areas will indicate the program's contribution to this outcome.

Link 3

DTFP plans to increase the availability of and access to effective treatment services and programs for at-risk youth in areas of need. The program's success and progress will be measured by the type/nature of treatment services and supports that have been made available, and by the program/service utilization trends associated with their populations and areas of need. DTFP also seeks to enhance capacity to plan/deliver a range of treatment services and programs to targeted populations. This will be measured by the extent to which province/territory (P/T) jurisdictions show evidence of building capacity (e.g., training activities, increased number of counsellors, wider range of services, etc.), and the type/nature of capacity enhancements, treatment services and supports for people residing in Downtown Eastside Vancouver by populations targeted (e.g., youth, Aboriginal populations, sex trade workers and ex-offenders). DTFP is also expecting to improve collaboration on responses and knowledge of treatment issues, which will be measured by the nature, scope and depth of collaborative activities within and among jurisdictions and stakeholders; and stakeholder perceptions on the extent to which responses to DTFP treatment issues are collaborative (e.g., lessons learned). Ultimately the DTFP is working towards improving treatment systems, programs and services to address illicit drug dependency of affected Canadians.

Link 4

First Nations and Inuit Health Branch (FNIHB) plans to increase the availability of and access to effective treatment services and programs for First Nations and Inuit populations in areas of need (as determined by regional needs assessments). The progress of this plan will be measured by the nature of new or enhanced services that have been made available through funding in targeted areas and are based on research or best practices. FNIHB also plans to improve treatment systems, programs and services to address illicit drug dependency in First Nations and Inuit populations in areas of need. The progress of this plan will be measured by:

  • the proportion of treatment facilities accredited;
  • the proportion of addictions counsellors in treatment centres who are certified;
  • the changes in stakeholder perceptions regarding the extent to which treatment services have been improved in Strategy-supported investment areas; and
  • the types of collaborative/partnerships with Aboriginal organizations to strengthen systems, programs and services.
Link 5

The Office of Controlled Substances (OCS) plans to reduce the risk of diversion of precursor chemicals by using Strategy funding to improve processes for the issuance of precursor licenses and permits. This will include reviewing and streamlining guidance provided to regulated parties involved in carrying out activities with precursor chemicals, and to law enforcement regarding the application for authorization to dispose of seized controlled substances. It will also include improving the tools used to record losses and thefts reported to the OCS by regulated parties.

Link 6

Drug Analysis Services (DAS) plans to improve drug enforcement intelligence and evidence, and to increase safety in dismantling illicit drug operations. The success and progress of this plan will be measured by: the perceptions of stakeholders regarding the benefit and timeliness of DAS contributions to court/police responses; the number and nature of injuries to law enforcement officers/other first responders; and the level of additional risk to the environment during the investigation and dismantling of illegal drug operations.

Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1

The overall mass media campaign strategy and tactics were successful in reaching both the parents and youth audiences. The research findings indicate that advertising recall is correlated with certain positive outcomes with regards to a change in the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours associated with illicit drug use.

The two most recent and final NADS public opinion research (POR) projects suggest that the DrugsNot4Me campaign was a success from a number of perspectives. The results from the March 2012 ad tracking and recall survey (POR 11-06) point to a remarkably high aided recall rate that grew steadily throughout the campaign. More than eight in ten (84%) youth recall seeing any of the six campaign elements in 2012, up from 67% in 2011 (POR 10-13) and 53% when the campaign first aired in 2010. Among the specific campaign elements, aided recall has increased most noticeably for TV (up 33 points since 2010).

One in five youth who recall any advertising (18%) said they did something as a result of it. While there has been decline in the proportion of youth who talked to, or warned, friends or family about drugs (45% in 2012, compared to 55% in 2011 and 62% in 2010), there has been a notable increase in the proportion of youth who said they decided not to do drugs (27% in 2012, up from 22% in 2011 and 16% in 2010). One in seven (14%) said they visited the website shown in the ad (compared to 11% in 2011 and 9% in 2010).

Youth who saw the ads in 2012 (versus those who did not) were more likely to say they are knowledgeable about: drugs (25% vs. 19%); their effects on physical health (39% vs. 29%); identify various drugs as being harmful (e.g. marijuana; 33% vs. 27%); and, identify drugs that might be available to youth; marijuana (68% vs. 50%), ecstasy (31% vs. 29%).

Additionally, the proportion of youth who say they are "very likely to try and stop someone close to them from using drugs" has remained fairly stable (47% in 2012, compared to 44% in 2011 and 48% in the 2009 baseline).

Results from POR 08-02 conducted in 2008 indicate that parents who recalled any advertising were more likely to seek out information about illicit drugs (22% vs. 14%), regularly set rules around drug use (53% vs. 38%) and monitor their child's activities (73% vs. 65%), and to have discussed the dangers of drugs with their child (91% vs. 82%).

The DrugsNot4Me/0droguepourmoi campaign continued to increase the awareness of the harms associated with illicit drug use with youth ages 13-15 through a media mix of both traditional and social media initiatives. As a result, the Facebook page attracted over 87,000 fans and the DrugsNot4Me website obtained over one million visits. The "Pick Your Path" series of YouTube videos garnered astonishing uptake, with over 373,000 video views in just a few short weeks.

The results of the parent campaign have been positive, with over 920,000 web site visits, over 790,000 copies of the booklet/toolkit, "Talking with Your Teen about Drugs" being ordered or downloaded since 2008, and more than 82,000 views of the ad on YouTube.

Link 2

Under DSCIF, projects funded in Cohort 1 (2008 call for proposals) results to date show positive results. Projects are reporting increases in levels of awareness with respect to illicit drugs and their negative consequences, increased capacity and skills to avoid illicit drugs; and, increased engagement of community partners. Projects funded in Cohort 2 (2009 call for proposals) are demonstrating success at building community partnerships with those engaged in efforts to promote health and prevent youth illicit drug use. Overall, the DSCIF cluster evaluation methodology is producing more consistent data that can be reported concisely than the previous approach whereby projects developed their own methodologies for measuring results.

Link 3

Under the two DTFP program components, "Strengthening Treatment Systems" (13 projects) and "Support for Treatment Services" (14 projects), results to date are encouraging:

  • The availability and effectiveness of services and programs are increasing due to increased service provision and increased implementation of, and training around, best practices, in particular for at-risk youth, women in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside and those with concurrent disorders;
  • Treatment systems, programs and services are better able to address illicit drug dependency due to sharing of knowledge and best practices within and among health sectors, improved needs-based planning, and improved understanding of lessons learned through increased evaluation activities;
  • Reduced negative health and social impacts are being seen through evaluations and stakeholder feedback, in particular for at-risk youth, women in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside and those with concurrent disorders.
Link 4

Through the National Native Alcohol and Drug Abuse Program, FNIHB supported a range of activities aimed at improving the quality, effectiveness and accessibility of addiction treatment for First Nations and Inuit. Key 2011-12 achievements include:

  • More workers certified with a recognized certification body. As a result of investments in workforce development, FNIHB is on course to meet the NADS target of 80% worker certification by 2013. In 2011-12, the percentage of full-time certified addiction treatment counselors increased to 77%, up from 68% in 2010-11.
  • Completion of the evidence-based review of on-reserve addiction services. In 2011, this review resulted in the development of Honouring Our Strengths: A Renewed Framework to Address Substance Use Issues Among First Nations People in Canada. The framework is being implemented at community, regional, and national levels in partnership with First Nations.
  • More treatment centres re-profiled or expanded to effectively meet community needs. Since 2007-08, NADS funding has supported 36 treatment centres to expand or re-focus programming vis-à-vis key gaps in services (e.g., services for women, youth, families and people with co-occurring mental health issues). FNIHB has already surpassed the NADS goal of modernizing 15 treatment centres by 2013.
  • More treatment centres accredited. During 2011-12, five additional treatment centres became involved in the accreditation process. In total, 48 of 59 (or 82%) of treatment centres were accredited in 2011-12, up from 43 of 58 (or 74%) in 2010-11. FNIHB is working toward a goal of achieving 100% accreditation by 2013.
  • Successful piloting of eight multi-disciplinary, mental wellness teams in First Nations and Inuit communities across Canada.
Link 5

The Office of Controlled Substances (OCS) was an active member of the Pathfinder - Disposal and compliance and enforcement (C&E) projects during FY 2011-12. This project was to create one database which would replace all other databases within C&E, which would assist in streamlining the processes for issuance of precursor licences and permits, issuing and processing applications for authorization to dispose of seized controlled substances and processing of loss and theft reports. Extensive information was gathered towards creating a final IT solution.

The OCS has processed a significant increase of applications for licences and import permits in FY 2011-12. Some modifications in internal processes have allowed the office to continue to meet deadlines for issuance of licences and permits. Forms and Guidance have been developed and refined for submission of research licence applications. Forms and Guidance have been modified to reflect the New Fees Regulations requirements which had an impact on controlled drugs licences fees to be paid by existing licensed dealers in order to renew their annual licences.

Link 6

DAS contributed to improved intelligence and evidence to support drug enforcement and prosecution of illicit drug producers and distributors in such a manner that zero complaints were received from clients who lost in court cases because of lack of results. The results of 116,374 exhibits analyzed were returned to the clients within an average of 27 days (DAS service standard is 60 days).

DAS contributed to increased safety in dismantling illicit drug operations by its involvement in 34 clandestine laboratories cases, including the dismantlement of 29 of them. DAS also provided training to law enforcement officers and first respondents by delivering 45 training sessions to 1,031 participants. The extent to which operations have been safely dismantled was assessed by tracking the number and nature of injuries and/or environmental risk caused by unsafe handling of chemicals. No injury was reported in 2011-2012 for clandestine laboratories where DAS provided assistance and no incident associated with dismantlement that would have had an environmental impact was reported to DAS.

Federal Partner: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
1.4 Health and Health Services Advances Research on Drug Treatment Models
(Treatment Action Plan)
$4.0M $1.0M $1.0M Link 1 Link 1
Total $4.0M $1.0M $1.0M    

Note: Amounts exclude EBP and Accommodation premiums.

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

Continue to improve the state of knowledge and its translation with respect to treatment and understanding of the consequences of illicit drug use.

To address this, in 2011-12, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) will be evaluating mid-term reports of five year team grants on substance abuse to determine progress on the objectives, which are to:

  • Generate high-quality research that addresses an important health and disease, health care or health system problem or issue which is best approached through a collaborative team;
  • Provide superior research training and mentorship environments; and
  • Produce new knowledge and the translation of research findings into improvements in the health of Canadians and the Canadian health care system.

CIHR will also review end of grant reports for one year grants funded in 2010-11 to determine if the objectives have been achieved, which were to:

  • Generate preliminary observations, data or knowledge, or to facilitate team formation, as a first step towards the pursuit of more comprehensive funding opportunities by researchers or teams of researchers;
  • Generate high impact results and/or innovative research proposals, research tools, techniques, devices, inventions, or methodologies;
  • Produce scoping reviews and syntheses that respond to the information needs of knowledge users in the areas of prevention and treatment of illicit drug use;
  • Support the use of synthesis evidence in decision making by building integrated and end-of-grant knowledge translation practices into the production of scoping reviews and syntheses; and
  • Extend the benefits of knowledge synthesis to new kinds of questions relevant to knowledge users and areas of research that have not traditionally been synthesized.

CIHR has also launched new competitions for the same one year grants with similar objectives, which will be funded in 2011-12.

A workshop will be held in Fall 2011 to reunite the researchers funded under the Substance Abuse Initiative to:

  • Share current knowledge and research results;
  • Establish networks of researchers and partners (federal departments, provincial agencies, non-governmental organizations); and
  • Identify knowledge translation opportunities and provide feedback to CIHR for a knowledge translation.
Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1

CIHR continues to improve the state of knowledge and its translation with respect to treatment and understanding of the consequences of illicit drug use through its continuous funding of catalyst grants, knowledge synthesis grants and operating grants.

In 2011-12, CIHR continued to fund the team grants on substance abuse, while it received their mid-term progress reports. A review of the reports has shown significant progress demonstrated by publications, presentations to scientific forums, mentoring and training of researchers and health providers and improved linkage with government departments at both the federal and provincial level. The results of these mid-term reports will be further analyzed and synthesized in an initiative report by Fall 2012.

CIHR has also reviewed end-of-grant reports for one-year grants announced in 2010-11 and the results of these grants will be integrated in the initiative report to be ready in Fall 2012. The review of these reports has also shown innovative results being generated as demonstrated by publications and presentations to scientific forums.

A Substance Abuse Treatment and Prevention Initiative Workshop was held in November 2011, and attended by funded researchers, CIHR staff and federal government researchers and representatives. Researchers presented the results of their studies and focus groups discussed the strategic directions that should be taken by the CIHR, as well as knowledge translation opportunities. These discussions informed the CIHR-Institute of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Addiction (INMHA) Strategic Plan (http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/45334.html).

A draft plan was developed for a research network initiative modeled on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network (NIDA CTN) to be launched in 2012-13. A bibliometric report on addiction research was commissioned in 2011-12 for which preliminary results were delivered. The final report will be available in Fall 2012. The results of this report will contribute to the design of the new initiative. In addition, preliminary discussions were held with provincial funding agencies interested in partnering on this new funding initiative.

Federal Partner: Department of Public Safety Canada

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
1.3 Countering Crime a. National Coordination of Efforts to Improve Intelligence, Knowledge, Management, Research, Evaluation
(Enforcement Action Plan)
$3.92M
($0.78M Ongoing)
$0.78M $0.57M Link 1 Link 1
b. Crime Prevention Funding and Programming: Crime Prevention Action Fund
(Prevention Action Plan)
$20.0M $15.8M $16.2M Link 2 Link 2
1.5 Internal Services Table note $0.08M
(Ongoing: $0.02M)
$0.02M $0.02M Link 3 Link 3
Total $24.0M $16.6M $16.8M    

Note: Amounts include EBP and Accommodation premiums.

Table note †

For improved reporting, the financial table above reports Internal Services program activity (PA) separately, whereas this PA was included under the National Coordination of Efforts to Improve Intelligence, Knowledge, Management, Research, Evaluation program in the 2011-12 RPP. The total remains unchanged.

Return to table note referrer

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

Safer communities and more effective policing through strategic national law enforcement policies.

Link 2
  • Reduced offending among targeted population.
  • Effective evidence-based responses to substance use and abuse and crime related issues in communities.
  • Positive changes in risk and protective factors among targeted populations.
Link 3

Supported the work of the program by providing key corporate services.

Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1
  • In 2011-12, Public Safety indirectly contributed to increased capacity for drug enforcement and prosecution of illicit drug producers and distributors through the coordination of the Enforcement Action Plan working group, including work to advance the storage of disposition of offence-related property, knowledge and information sharing among stakeholders (e.g., domestic and international), through the Illicit Use of Pharmaceuticals Workshop held in June 2011, and through the Department's contribution to innovative projects and research.
  • Through the coordination of the Enforcement Action Plan Working Group led by Public Safety, Strategy partners have had an opportunity to share concerns and update on activities to increase knowledge among partners, which enhances efforts to reduce the supply of illicit drugs. In addition, input and participation in domestic and international fora, including the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (UNCND), Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD),other bilateral meetings related to common security issues (e.g., Canada-U.S.), and the National Framework to Reduce Substance Use and Abuse (Enforcement priority focussed on illicit drugs) contribute to information sharing to assist Canadian efforts to combat this crime.
Link 2

Of the 21 NADS projects that have impact evaluations, all have reported positive changes in risk and protective factors that are known to lead to drug-related offending. Actual reductions in offending among the targeted populations are expected to occur in the longer term (5+ years). These results will be available for NADS projects that are part of an impact evaluation, including those that include a one-year follow-up on youth after their participation in the program. In 2011-12, $16.2 million of National Crime Prevention Centre funding has supported 63 active projects in 48 communities across the country, of which 19 were model programs, 33 promising practices, 12 innovative projects, and one knowledge transfer project. The evaluation of these projects contributes to an increasing knowledge base of effective crime prevention and, subsequently, to a broader implementation of evidence-based responses.

Link 3

Internal services operating expenditures incurred to support the activities of the program through the provision of key corporate services.

Federal Partner: Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
1.1.2.7 a. Drug and Organized Crime Awareness Services
(Prevention Action Plan)
$12.9M $3.0M $1.4M Link 1 Link 1
3.5.2 Community and Youth Programs b. National Youth Intervention and Diversion Program
(Treatment Action Plan)
$3.6M $0.7M $0.6M Link 2 Link 2
1.1.2.9 c. Marijuana and Clandestine Lab Teams / Proceeds of Crime
(Enforcement Action Plan)
$85.2M $26.2M $18.9M Link 3 Link 3
PWGSC Accommodations $2.3M $0.6M $0.6M    
Total $104.0M $30.5M $21.5M    

Note: Amounts include EBP premiums

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

Reduction of the demand for illicit drugs in targeted populations (e.g., youth and Aboriginal youth), as well as within the general public, through community partnership and education in view of creating awareness of the health consequences related to substance use.

The Drugs and Organized Crime Awareness Service (DOCAS) remains committed to providing Canadians with the tools needed to deal with substance use/abuse and expects a reduction of negative impacts on health and society along with a decrease of criminal activities linked to illicit drug use.

Link 2
  • Increased police awareness of risk and protective factors of youth offenders and victims.
  • Increased community satisfaction with RCMP youth-related services.
  • Increased police awareness of community-based youth-serving resources and referral procedures.
  • Increased referrals to youth addictions treatment and intervention programs by police.
Link 3
  • Development of transnational partnerships to address issues regarding the globalization of the precursor chemical industry and its impact on communities.
  • Enhanced ability to identify, disrupt and dismantle organized crime groups profiting from the production and trafficking of controlled drugs and substances.
  • Enhanced ability through partnerships, both internal and external, to develop tactical targeting parameters that address the procurement of chemicals by organized crime groups.
  • Enhanced ability to monitor, analyze and predict regional and national trends on marihuana production and trafficking.
  • Enhanced ability to adjust tactical and strategic objectives based on the analysis of regional and national marihuana grow operation trends.
  • Enhanced ability through partnerships at the municipal, provincial and federal levels to promote, coordinate and implement various initiatives and legislations targeting marihuana producers and traffickers.
Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1

Throughout fiscal year 2011-2012, Drugs and Organized Crime Awareness Service (DOCAS) gave 3,498 awareness presentations reaching 74,736 youths, 24,892 parents, and 10,650 professionals. DOCAS also trained 819 facilitators for programs like Drug Endangered Children (DEC), Kids & Drugs (K&D) and Aboriginal Shield Program (ASP). The majority of DOCAS's efforts and programs target school-age youth while informing and educating parents, community members and key stakeholders, as well as internal and external RCMP partners through presentations, consultative groups, partnerships and initiatives. In fact, DOCAS uses youth to influence adults and vice versa. DOCAS educates the public about drugs and organized crime and their negative consequences and provides the public with information, tools and skills on how to recognize and avoid bad situations and make healthy decisions.

DOCAS delivered a range of programs aimed at raising the awareness of illicit drugs and their negative consequences. These programs target youth and are constantly updated to ensure accurate drug information as the drug market changes rapidly (e.g. types of drugs available, popular with youth, consequences of use, etc.) and to ensure the information is geographically and culturally appropriate.

The most significant programs being delivered include (but are not limited to):

  • Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.), a comprehensive drug education/prevention program designed to equip students from kindergarten to grade 12 with skills to recognize and resist pressures to experiment with drugs, among other risky behaviours. In 2011-12, the program was delivered in 911 schools, in 1,438 classes (each D.A.R.E. class consists of 10 lessons) to 39,128 students. Students attending the lessons completed pre/post tests. Samples of the pre/post tests were randomly selected for the purpose of this report and results showed an increase of knowledge of 18%.
  • Aboriginal Shield Program (ASP), created to better enable Aboriginal youth to make informed healthy lifestyle choices regarding alcohol and drugs, proposes positive alternatives to drug use. The program consists of two multi-lesson instructional manuals intended for youths in grades 5/6 and grades 7/8. Students attending the lessons are subjected to pre/post tests. Samples of the pre/post tests were randomly selected for the purpose of this report and results showed an increase of knowledge of 17%.
  • Racing Against Drugs (RAD) is a program designed to promote healthy, drug-free lifestyles aimed at youth in grades 5 and 6. This is a key target age in that it aims to impact on these youth that are nearing the age of early onset of drug use. DOCAS mobilized several communities in preparing and delivering the Racing Against Drugs (RAD) program. During RAD, several key messages relating to health and well-being, including a Drug Awareness and an Organized Crime (Youth Gangs) Awareness presentation, were delivered to over 12,628 youths, aged 10-12 years old, from 275 different schools. Media outlets attended and publicized the events.
  • Kids and Drugs (K&D) is an education prevention program aimed at parents of school-aged children. This program is designed to educate and assist parents who are concerned about preventing their children from using drugs. This year, DOCAS members delivered the program to 266 parents and trained 82 community and police members who are now certified to deliver the Kids and Drugs program to their respective communities.

DOCAS is on the front lines of prevention by delivering programs in over 700 diverse Canadian communities and effectively mobilizing those communities to work in partnership on substance abuse prevention. In British Columbia, East Kootenay Addiction Services Society (EKASS) has been working with DOCAS to create a comprehensive prevention and education strategy that provides youth with continual and comprehensive substance abuse prevention messaging throughout their school years by delivering a similar message to youth in a variety of formats. As stated below, the fact that some of the greatest decreases in substance use and related risk behaviours have occurred in the past three years indicating that this approach may be bearing fruit.

With respect to lifetime substance use rates, the East Kootenay 2011 Survey revealed that there is a clear trend since 2005 of fewer youth using the majority of substances. Compared to the 2011 statistics, 11.4% fewer youth are using alcohol and 8% fewer youth are using marijuana. Tobacco use has also shown a steady decrease since 2005. The number of students who have never used tobacco has increased from 61.3% to 69.6% (an 8.3% increase), while the number of current users has declined from 15.5% to 11.9% (a 3.6% reduction in users).

Link 2

To increase youth diversion referrals, increase community satisfaction with RCMP youth-related services and increase police awareness of community youth services, the RCMP is working with provincial and municipal partners and community agencies to create Community Mobilization Committees to address underlying causes of offending behavior and improve interventions with youth. Consultations were initiated in Manitoba and Nova Scotia, and RCMP jurisdictions have begun working on protocols with community partners to facilitate youth referrals to treatment programs. In New Brunswick, efforts continued to implement a province-wide Youth Intervention and Diversion program. These efforts have resulted in an increased number of youth referred to treatment programs to address underlying risks.

To increase police awareness of risk and protective factors two Youth Officer Training Courses were held in 2011/12; one in Vancouver, British Columbia and one in Regina, Saskatchewan. The course trains officers on youth risk and protective factors, the Youth Criminal Justice Act, extrajudicial measures, youth engagement and other topics related to working with youth. A Youth Intervention and Diversion workshop for RCMP and community partners was also held in Fredericton, New Brunswick to improve awareness and identification of youth at risk.

Link 3

Clandestine Labs and Synthetic Drugs

The RCMP continually develops transnational partnerships to address the challenges inherent to synthetic drug operations. Work with the domestic chemical industry, through Chem Watch and other similar programs, sensitizes people to the issues at hand and engages them in addressing the problems linked to the diversion and use of their chemicals in the illicit production of synthetic drugs. This link to the chemical industry precipitated several Clan Lab seizures over the past fiscal year. At the domestic level, the Synthetic Drug Initiative (SDI) working group which regroups Public Safety, Health Canada (HC), Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and other partners and stakeholders, meets quarterly to discuss emerging concerns and operational support needs geared towards enhancing law enforcement's ability to identify, disrupt and dismantle organized crime groups profiting from the production and trafficking of controlled drugs and substances.

The Clan Lab teams continually initiate investigations into synthetic drug production and/or chemical diversion. These investigations focus on high-level targets operating within organized crime groups. While the complexity of these investigations varies, most are labour intensive and require a thorough knowledge of the licit and illicit chemical industry. The investigators are required to develop skills that are tailored to the unique nature of organized crime groups that profit from synthetic drug production and trafficking.

The RCMP is also working with other countries to address the procurement of chemicals by organized crime groups. Together, they enhance contacts with the chemical industry, as well as the police, to advance cooperation and real-time information exchange. The intelligence exchange is ongoing. The RCMP continues to monitor scientific lab equipment (pill presses) domestically in order to ensure that these materials don't reach organized crime groups producing synthetic drugs.

Marijuana Grow Operations

RCMP members work with a broad range of internal and external partners to exchange information and work on areas of common concern/jurisdiction. These partners includes fire services, hydro personnel, building inspectors, Department of National Defence (DND), other police forces, municipal green teams, emergency health services and fed/provincial/municipal roving traffic units and CBSA, to name but a few. These partnerships also foster joint training initiatives, the development of mutual strategies, the coordination of operations, and lend themselves to an enhanced ability to monitor, analyze and predict regional and national trends on marijuana production and trafficking.

These partnerships also foster an enhanced ability to adjust tactical and strategic objectives based on the analysis of regional and national marijuana grow operation trends as key partnerships and new technologies have been sought to increase intelligence capacity (e.g. Chem Watch, CBSA, HC, Geomatic technology, etc.). The same has occurred internally where the RCMP is utilizing information and support from other sectors within the RCMP to keep abreast of this subject area. Of significance, work with local stakeholders provides eyes and ears, increasing intelligence capacity (e.g. hydro, property inspectors, flying clubs, etc.).

The Public Prosecutions Services of Canada (PPSC)work increasingly closely with the RCMP's Marijuana Grow Operations (MGO) teams across Canada, e.g., on wiretaps, undercover operations (UCOs), proceeds of crime, forfeitures, etc. The perceptions that operations were enhanced are strong in Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, and New Brunswick.

Federal Partner: Correctional Service Canada

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
2.0 Conditional Release Decisions Case Preparation and Supervision
(Enforcement Action Plan)
$23.3M $6.4M $0.0M Link 1 Link 1
Total $23.3M Footnote 1 $6.4M Footnote 1 $0.0M Footnote 1    

Note: Amounts include EBP and Accommodation premium

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

Timely case preparation; rate of offenders successfully reintegrated into the community. As the proposed legislation related to Mandatory Minimum Penalties for serious crimes (Bill C-10) received Royal Assent late in fiscal year 2011-12 (March 13, 2012), funding was held in a frozen allotment the entire fiscal year.

Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1

The program will become effective in 2012-13.

Federal Partner: National Parole Board of Canada

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
Conditional Release Decisions Conditional Release Decisions
(Enforcement Action Plan)
$4.2M $1.2M $0.0M Link 1 N/A
Conditional Release Decisions Openness and Accountability Conditional Release Decisions Openness and Accountability
(Enforcement Action Plan)
$1.7M $0.5M $0.0M Link 2 N/A
Internal Services $1.2M $0.4M $0.0M Support Programs N/A
Total $7.1M Footnote 2 $2.1M Footnote 2 $0.0M Footnote 1    

Note: Amounts include EBP and Accommodation premium.

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

The proposed legislation received Royal Assent on March 13th, 2012; this funding will provide Parole Board of Canada (PBC) the capacity for effective management of its legislated responsibilities for parole decision-making for offenders in relation to the requirements of the new legislation. PBC will collect information and report on workloads and outcomes of parole for provincial offenders incarcerated as a result of new legislative provisions (e.g., the number and proportion of offenders who successfully complete their parole).

Link 2

The proposed legislation received Royal Assent on March 13th, 2012; this funding will provide the PBC the capacity for provision of information and assistance to victims of crime, observers at hearings and individuals who seek access to decision registry in relation to the requirements of the new legislation. In a similar manner, PBC will report on the extent of involvement of victims, and observers in conditional release processes and the level of satisfaction of these individuals with the information and assistance provided by PBC.

Effective management of both these responsibilities will contribute to public safety and reinforce public confidence in the justice system.

Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1

The program will become effective in 2012-13.

Link 2

The program will become effective in 2012-13.

Federal Partner: Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
1.1 Drug, Criminal Code, and terrorism prosecution program

a. Prosecution and prosecution -related services

(Enforcement Action Plan)

$8.8M $3.4M †† $13.1M Link 1 Link 1

b. Prosecution of serious drug offences under the CDSA

(Mandatory Minimum Penalties)

$33.5M Footnote 1 $0.0M Footnote 1 $0.0M Footnote 1 Link 2 Link 2
2.1 Internal Services Enforcement Action Plan $1.1M $0.5M Table note †† $1.6M Support Programs  
Total $43.4M $3.9M $14.7M    

Note: Amounts include EBP and Accommodation premiums.

Table note ††

This figure from the 2011-12 RPP omitted to reflect the total amount devoted to the NADS and is corrected here.

Return to table note †† referrer

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

Provision of pre-charge legal advice and litigation support, as well as prosecution of drug offences under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA), in response to the workload generated by the enhanced RCMP dedicated anti-drug teams and criminal intelligence and technical operations support staff.

Link 2

Provision of prosecution-related advice and litigation support during police investigations and prosecution of drug charges under the CDSA resulting from the MMPs, subject to the proposed legislation receiving Royal Assent.

Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1

In 2011-12, the ODPP handled 27,842 litigation files dealing with drug production and distribution offences (pursuant to Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA) sections 5(1), 5(2), 6(1), 6(2), 7(1) and 7(2)). These include new files opened in 2011-12 (13,642) as well as files carried over from previous fiscal years against which time has been recorded (14,200). Of these, 22,711 included distribution offences, whereas 2,605 included production offences. An additional 2,526 files included both production and distribution offences. Files are handled by staff prosecutors and Crown agents. Actual spending reflects incremental in-house prosecution costs only since agent costs fall under the Drug Prosecution Fund. The increase in actual spending is mainly due to the higher proportion of hours spent on files carried over from previous fiscal years that came before the courts in 2011-12 as well as a high proportion of high-complexity files involving over 57,000 hours of pre-charge activity during the fiscal year. Also, the ODPP has refined its methodology for extracting data on NADS-related files, which has resulted in the capture of a greater amount of relevant data more accurately reflecting the level of activity on NADS-related files. It should be noted that most NADS files include charges other than those related to serious drug offences under the CDSA, such as Criminal Code charges. As a result, the time entered on such files will constitute a slight overestimation of actual NADS-related activity. Since time recorded against litigation files is not initiative- or charge-specific, it is not possible to specifically attribute an exact number of hours to specific charges. The ODPP's A-base funding, funding stemming from the former Canada Drug Strategy as well as NADS funding, have so far been sufficient to cover costs related to incremental increases in NADS prosecutions and prosecution-related activity.

Link 2

The program will become effective in 2012-13.

Federal Partner: Canada Border Services Agency

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
Risk Assessment

Intelligence Development & Field Support Division, Organized Crime & Contraband Section, Precursor Chemical Diversion, Analysis and Scientific Services

(Enforcement Action Plan)

$7.2M $2.1M $2.2M Link 1 Link 1
Internal Services

Intelligence Development & Field Support Division, Organized Crime & Contraband Section, Precursor Chemical Diversion, Analysis and Scientific Services

(Enforcement Action Plan)

$5.5M $1.6M $1.6M Link 2 Link 2
Total $12.7M $3.7M $3.8M    

Note: Amounts include EBP and Accommodation premium.

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1
  • Increase awareness and capacity to gather information and intelligence of illicit drug issues relative to the border.
  • Increase intelligence support to regional enforcement activities to interdict goods entering and leaving Canada under the Strategy.
  • Improve relationships and communication with partner agencies under the Strategy to identify opportunities and improve intelligence activities such as targeting and information sharing related to illicit drugs and other goods (such as precursor chemicals) identified under the Strategy as they relate to the border.
Link 2

Laboratory and Scientific Services - Continuation of the original Strategy plan with respect to additional sampling, analysis and increased use of mobile laboratory capabilities to assist in the detection of precursor chemicals at the ports of entry. Safe sampling tools are still in development.

Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1
  • The Intelligence Development and Field Support Division continued to assist in the development of training for frontline officers in the identification, targeting, and safe sampling of precursor chemicals. This has resulted in more effective targeting and an increase in the rates of examination, resulting in higher interdiction rates and subsequently more data for analysis and intelligence development.
  • The Intelligence Network continued to provide Intelligence Officers with a level of comfort in knowing exactly who to contact when they needed to acquire or share information regarding precursor chemicals. The constant flow of communication within CBSA and between partners continued to assist in the identification of entities involved in the illicit trade and helped provide a national and international snapshot of which organized crime groups operate in which region and in what chemicals.
  • The NADS continued to contribute to a stronger relationship between the CBSA, RCMP and international customs organizations by facilitating the flow of communication through the formal Precursor Chemical Intelligence Network. This network continues to improve intelligence development for all parties, resulting in better identification of entities involved in the criminal importation and export of precursor chemicals and synthetic drugs, which continues to lead to higher rates of interdiction, arrests, prosecutions, and the eventual disruption of organized operations.
Link 2
  • CBSA continues to see increases in sample requests for suspected contraband products, including precursor chemicals.
  • CBSA has identified an increasing trend in the amount of suspected cannabinoids, Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and Ketamine precursors being analyzed by the CBSA laboratory.
  • Information related to precursors and designer substances was provided to partners within the National Anti-Drug Strategy in a timely fashion.
  • An additional paper related to designer substances (buphedrone and pentedrone) was published in 2011-12.

Federal Partner: Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
1.2 Diplomacy and Advocacy

Annual Contributions to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Inter-American Drug Control Commission (CICAD)

(Enforcement Action Plan)

$4.5M $0.9M $0.9M Link 1 Link 1
Total $4.5M $0.9M $0.9M    

Note: Amounts exclude EBP and Accommodation premium.

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1
  • Improved capacity of UNODC to fulfill its mandate in the fight against drugs and international crime at the global level.
  • Improved capacity of CICAD to fulfill its mandate in the fight against drugs in the Americas.
Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1
  • Provided financial contributions to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in fulfilling its mandate through activities in support of the Enforcement Action Plan, including: providing law enforcement advisory services and capacity-building in Africa under the West Africa Coast Initiative (WACI), supporting improved control of precursor chemicals in Central Asia, and contributing to strengthening the local management of the Tajik-Afghan border.
  • Provided financial contributions to the Organization of American States (OAS) Inter-American Drug Control Commission (CICAD) in fulfilling its mandate through activities in support of the Enforcement Action Plan, including: creating Drug Information Networks (DINs) to collect and analyze data on illicit drugs for the development of effective anti-drug policies and practices in the Caribbean and Central America; to gather, analyze and report information on drugs; improving the control of chemical diversion for the production of illicit drugs, and increasing the investigative & operational counter-drug capacities of OAS Member States.

Federal Partner: Canada Revenue Agency

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
4. Reporting Compliance

Special Enforcement Program

(Enforcement Action Plan)

$4.2M $1.0M $1.0M Link 1 Link 1
Total $4.2M $1.0M $1.0M    

Note: Amounts include EBP and Accommodation premiums.

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1
  • 32 audits of targets involved in marijuana grow operations or illicit drugs;
  • $1,750,000 in federal tax assessed will be generated from these audits;
  • Provincial tax (except for Quebec files), penalties and interest will also be assessed;
  • Delinquent action will be taken on any taxpayers who have not filed their applicable personal income tax returns; and
  • The expected dollars assessed resulting from the Strategy audits has decreased from $2.5M in 2010-11 to $1.75M in 2011-12 due to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) placing a greater emphasis on the collectability of assessments in order to have an impact on the criminal activities.
Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1
  • 29 audits of targets involved in marijuana grow operations or production and/or sale of illicit drugs.
  • $1,783,000 in federal tax and GST/HST was assessed from these audits.
  • Provincial tax (except in Quebec where it is provincially administered), penalties and interest were assessed in addition to reported federal tax.
  • Where necessary, compliance action was taken on taxpayers to obtain unfilled personal income tax returns.

Federal Partner: Public Works and Government Services Canada

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
1.7 Specialized Programs and Services

Forensic Accounting Management Group

(Enforcement Action Plan)

$1.6M $0.6M $0.6M Link 1 Link 1
Total $1.6M $0.6M $0.6M    

Note: Amounts include EBP and Accommodation premiums.

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1

Increased operational capacity to provide forensic accounting services to law enforcement agencies. Forensic accounting services assist law enforcement and prosecution agencies in determining whether the assets of suspects were derived from criminal activities, thereby allowing the Government of Canada to seize the assets and remove the financial incentives for engaging in criminal activities.

Results Achieved in 2011–12:
Link 1

Increased operational capacity to provide forensic accounting services to law enforcement agencies. Forensic accounting services assist law enforcement and prosecution agencies in determining whether the assets of suspects were derived from criminal activities, thereby allowing the Government of Canada to seize the assets and remove the financial incentives for engaging in criminal activities.

Federal Partner: Financial Transactions and Analysis Centre of Canada

Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) 2011-12
Planned Spending Actual Spending Expected Results Results Achieved
2004113 Detection and deterrence of money laundering and terrorist financing

Financial Transactions and Reports
Analysis Centre of Canada (FINTRAC)

(Enforcement Action Plan)

$2.5M $0.7M $0.7M Link 1 Link 1
Total $2.5M $0.7M $0.7M    

Note: Amounts include EBP premiums and exclude Accommodation premiums

Expected Results for 2011–12:
Link 1
  • Law enforcement and intelligence agencies receive financial intelligence related to drug production and distribution that is useful for further actions.
  • Enhanced compliance in high risk reporting entity sectors.
Results Achieved 2011–12:
Link 1

In 2011-2012, FINTRAC disclosed a total of 796 cases to law enforcement, including 209 unique cases that related to at least one drug-related offence; a modest increase from the 199 unique drug-related disclosures made in 2010-11. A breakdown between distribution and production of various types of drugs is provided in the following table (please note that the total does not equal 209 as one case can be related to multiple drug offences):

Drug-Related Disclosures Number of Cases
Distribution - Cocaine 73
Distribution - Hashish (Cannabis Resin) 2
Distribution - Heroin 9
Distribution - Marijuana 52
Distribution - MDMA (Ecstasy) 14
Distribution - Methamphetamine 16
Distribution - Synthetic Drugs 3
Distribution – Khat 1
Distribution – Unspecified 85
Production - Cocaine 3
Production - Hashish (Cannabis Resin) 1
Production - Heroin 0
Production - Marijuana 26
Production - MDMA (Ecstasy) 2
Production - Methamphetamine 7
Production - Synthetic Drugs 2
Production – Opium 0
Production – Unspecified 3

It is important to note that the predicate offences (drug-related) were determined through a manual review of FINTRAC disclosures and that some cases were not identified as drug-related where there was insufficient context provided by investigators or reports to enable the determination of the predicate offence.

FINTRAC's Financial Analysis and Disclosures Directorate (FAD) works with law enforcement partners across the country. NADS funding enhances the support and relationship building with law enforcement, as well as focusing resources on case analysis pertaining to the drug-related priorities of law enforcement partners. This approach, and the NADS funding received to date, has been effective as evidenced by the fact that over 27% of FINTRAC case disclosures made in 2011-12 relate to suspicions of money laundering or terrorist financing where the predicate offence is believed to be drug distribution or production.

Total Allocation For All Federal Partners (from Start to End Date) Total Planned Spending for All Federal Partners for 2011-2012 Total Actual Spending for All Federal Partners for 2011-2012
$563.4M $153.6M $142.4M
Comments on Variances:

Health Canada

Drug Strategy Community Initiatives Fund (DSCIF)

The DSCIF variance is due to a transfer of funds in the amount of $516K from DTFP to DSCIF to support projects producing additional results for preventing drug use for vulnerable groups.

Drug Treatment Funding Program (DTFP)

DTFP transferred an amount of $3M to the NNADAP to meet additional needs and to DSCIF. The lapse of $1.3M is due to some projects under spending.

National Native Alcohol and Drug Abuse Program (NNADAP)

Variance between actual and planned spending in 2011-12 is due to a realignment of funds from Regions and Programs Branch (RAPB) to FNIHB to address key program needs.

Office of Controlled Substances

Funds are used for reimbursement to law enforcement agencies for disposal of seized controlled substances. This is dependant on receiving invoices from these agencies after informing Health Canada that they have destroyed the seized drugs as directed. Currently, not all law enforcement agencies submit reimbursement requests; however, it is assumed these requests will increase as more agencies become aware of the reimbursement. Planned spending for the 2011-12 Departmental Performance Report (DPR) differs from the 2011-12 Report on Plans and Priorities (RPP) due to the exclusion of Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) Accommodations costs in the RPP number. All OCS numbers in the DPR 2011-12 include PWGSC Accommodations costs.

Department of Public Safety Canada

National Coordination of Efforts to Improve Intelligence, Knowledge, Management, Research, Evaluation

Remaining funds were reallocated towards both departmental and Branch priorities in order to meet key deliverables.

Crime Prevention Funding and Programming

Crime Prevention Action Fund

The planned spending estimate for 2011-12, as reported in the Report on Plans and Priorities (RPP), was based on approved NADS projects. Subsequently, during the fiscal year, additional NADS projects were identified resulting in a higher actual spending than anticipated.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

As noted in Chapter 5 of the June 2011 Status Report of the Auditor General of Canada, the RCMP has had to reallocate funding internally from all programs in order to meet the increased demands for National Policing Services. Furthermore, various Federal and Protective policing priorities have created additional requirements to reallocate funding and resources. As a result, $9.0M of funding from the NADS program was directed toward these pressures.

Canada Border Services Agency

Intelligence Development & Field Support Division, Organized Crime & Contraband Section, Precursor Chemical Diversion, Analysis and Scientific Services

The variance is due to higher than expected operating expenditures during the fiscal year, mainly salary related.

Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions

Prosecution and prosecution-related services

The increase in actual spending is mainly due to the higher proportion of hours spent on files carried over from previous fiscal years that were before the courts in 2011-12.

Results achieved by non-federal partners (if applicable): N/A

Contact information:

Jennifer Goldstone
A/Head, National Anti-Drug Strategy
Youth Justice and Strategic Initiatives Section
(613) 954-2864
Jennifer.Goldstone@justice.gc.ca

Date modified: