Custody, Access and Child Support: Findings from The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth
III - WHEN PARENTS SEPARATE: CANADIAN CHILDREN FROM BROKEN FAMILIES AND THE LAW (continued)
Regardless of whether parents said they had a court order, the data in Table 7 show that the overwhelming majority of children live only with their mothers at the time of separation.
This arrangement is slightly more common where parents said there was no court order: 86 percent of the NLSCY children who were not the subject of a court order lived solely with their mothers at the time of separation.
|Living Arrangement||Court Order||Court Order in
|No Court Order||A||B|
|Sole custody of mother||80,8|
|Sole custody of father||6,6|
|Shared physical custody||12,6|
|Child lives with mother only||68,6||80,1||86,1||86,8||84,0|
|Child lives with father only||10,5||12,1||5,4||7,0||6,8|
|Shared, mainly mother||7,8||3,3||4,2||2,9||4,3|
|Shared, mainly father||3,9||2,1||0,9||0,9||1,3|
Interestingly, most children for whom parents said there was a court order for shared custody in fact lived only with their mothers at the time of the separation. Equally shared physical custody arrangements were reported in only a very small proportion of cases, regardless of whether parents said there was a custody order or not. Less than 2 percent (9 percent of the 13 percent of children for whom a shared physical custody order existed) of children who were covered by court orders for shared physical custody actually shared residences with both parents, while less than 4 percent of children for whom parents said there was no custody order lived under these arrangements.
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