A Values and Evidence Approach to Sentencing Purposes and Principles

Appendix 4: Canada’s Imprisonment Rate(s)

Total, Federal, and Provincial Adult Imprisonment Rates per 100,000 Residents (1951-2014)

Total, Federal, and Provincial Adult Imprisonment Rates per 100,000 Residents (1951-2014) described below

Text version: Total, Federal, and Provincial Adult Imprisonment Rates per 100,000 Residents (1951-2014)

A line chart with three coloured lines – the blue line represents the “total rate”, the black line represents the “provincial rate” and the pink line represents the “federal rate”. The Y axis measures from 0-140 in 20-unit blocks. The X axis shows dates from 1950 to 2010 in 5-year increments.

The lines start at 1951.

The blue line (Total rate) starts at about 90 (per 100,000 residents) in 1951. It undulates, going up to slightly over 100 in 1963-64, then dropping to its lowest point (80 in 1972 and again in 1974). It rises and dips until it reaches a high point of slightly less than 120 in 1994, then drops to a low of 100 in 2003 before rising again to about 118 by 2013-2014.

The black line (provincial rate) starts at 59 (per 100,000 residents) in 1951. It rises a little to about 62, then drops gradually down to a low point of 40 in 1973. Then it rises fairly steadily with minor dips, not below 60 after 1981. It is about 63 in 2014.

The pink line (federal rate) starts at 38 (per 100,000 residents) in 1951. It stays relatively stable, rising gradually to a high point of 48 in 1994, dipping below 40 in 2004 and rising again to about 41 in 2014.

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