Annex A - Bibliography

1. Empirical Research

  • Abel, Gillian, Lisa Fitzgerald, Catherine Healy and Aline Taylor, eds.  Taking the Crime out of sex work:  New Zealand sex workers’ fight for decriminalization. Bristol: Policy Press, 2010.
  • Abel, Gillian M. & Lisa J. Fitzgerald.  “The Street’s Got Its Advantages: Movement Between Sectors of the Sex Industry in a Decriminalised Environment”  (2012) 14:1 Health, Risk & Society 7, DOI: <10.1080/13698575.2011.640664>.
  • Abel, Gillian M., Lisa J. Fitzgerald, & Cheryl Brunton.  “The Impact of Decriminalisation on the Number of Sex Workers in New Zealand” (2009) 38:3 Journal of Social Policy 515, DOI: < 10.1017/S0047279409003080>.
  • Ahsan Ullah, AKM.  “Prostitution in Bangladesh:  An Empirical Profile of Sex Workers” online: (2005) 7:2 Journal of International Women’s Studies 111 <http://vc.bridgew.edu/ jiws/vol7/iss2/7/ >.
  • Allinott, Shari, et al.  “Voices for Dignity:  A Call to End the Harms Caused by Canada’s Sex Trade Laws” (Pivot Legal Society Sex Work Subcommittee: April 2004) online: <http://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/pivotlegal/legacy_url/273/voicesfordignity.pdf?1345765612>.
  • Atchison, Chris.  “Report of the Preliminary Findings for Johns’ Voice:  A Study of Adult Canadian Sex Buyers” online:  (2010) <http://www.johnsvoice.ca/docs/JOHNS_VOICE_GEN ERAL_ RESULTS_EXECUTIVE_SUMMARY_FINAL_DIST.pdf>.
  • Basow, Susan A. & Florence Campanile. “Attitudes Toward Prostitution as a Function of Attitudes Toward Feminism in College Students ”  (1990) 14 Psychology of Women Quarterly 135, DOI: <10.1111/ j.1471-6402.1990.tb00009.x>.
  • Beer, Sarah.  “The Sex Worker Rights Movement in Canada:  Challenging the Prostitution Laws” (PhD Thesis., University of Windsor, 2010) online:  <http://scholar.uwindsor.ca/etd/500>.
  • Bjonness, Jeanett.  “Between Emotional Politics and Biased Practices – Prostitution Policies, Social Work, and Women Selling Sexual Services in Denmark ”  (2012) 9 Sexuality Research and Social Policy 192, DOI:  <10.1007/s13178-012-0091-4>.
  • Brents, Barbara G. & Kathryn Hausbeck.  “State-sanctioned Sex:  Negotiating Formal and Informal Regulatory Practices in Nevada Brothels” online:  (2001) 44:3 Sociological Perspectives 307 <http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/sop.2001.44.3.307>.
  • Brents, Barbara G. & Kathryn Hausbeck.  “Violence and Legalized Brothel Prostitution in Nevada:  Examining Safety, Risk, and Prostitution Policy ”  (2005) 20:3 Journal of Interpersonal Violence 270, DOI: <10.1177/0886260504270333>.
  • Bruckert, Chris & Frédérique Chabot.  “Challenges: Ottawa area sex workers speak out” (Ottawa:  POWER, 2010) Online: <http://www.powerottawa.ca/POWER_Report_Challenges .pdf>.
  • Bruckert, Chris & Tuulia Law.  “Beyond Pimps, Procurers and Parasites:  Mapping Third Parties in the Incall/Outcall Sex Industry ”  Online: (2013) Ottawa:  Rethinking Management in the Adult and Sex Industry Project <http://chezstella.org/docs/ManagementResearch.pdf>.
  • Bruckert, Chris, Colette Parent & Danielle Pouliot.  “Comment répondre aux besoin des travailleuses du sexe de rue dans la région d’Ottawa-Gatineau” (Ottawa:  Centre Sophie Espoir, 2006).
  • Bungay, Vicky, et al.  “Structure and Agency: Reflections from an Exploratory Study of Vancouver Indoor Sex Workers ”  (2011) 13:1 Culture, Health & Sexuality 15, DOI: <10.1080/13691058. 2010.517324>.
  • Cho, Seo-Young, Axel Dreher & Eric Neumayer.  “Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?” Online:  (2013) 41 World Development 67 <http://www.lse.ac.uk/geographyAnd Environment/whosWho/profiles/neumayer/pdf/Article-for-World-Development-_prostitution_-anonymous-REVISED.pdf>.
  • Coy, Maddy Prostitution, Harm and Gender Inequality:  Theory, Research and Policy.  (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012).
  • Dank, Meredith, et al. “Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities” Online:  (2014) The Urban Institute <http://www.urban.org/ UploadedPDF/413047-Underground-Commercial-Sex-Economy.pdf>.=
  • Danna, Daniela. “Client-only Criminalization in the City of Stockholm: A Local Research on the Application of the “Swedish Model” of Prostitution Policy."  (2012) 9:1 Sexuality Research and Social Policy 80, DOI: <10.1007/s13178-011-0072-z>.
  • Dauvergne, M., Homicide in Canada, Juristat, Catalogue No. 85-002, Vol. 22, No. 7, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, 2001.
  • Farley, Melissa et al.  “Prostitution and Trafficking in Nine Countries:  An Update on Violence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder” online:  (2004) 2:3-4 Journal of Trauma Practice 33 <http://www.prostitutionresearch.com/pdf/Prostitutionin9Countries.pdf>.
  • Gabriele, Felicia, et al.  “The incidence of human trafficking in Ontario” Online:  (2014) Alliance Against Modern Slavery <http://allianceagainstmodernslavery.org/events/release _of_research_report_on_human_trafficking_in_ontario>.
  • Gonzalez, Nancy.  “Sex Sells: Examining Opinions on the Legalization of Prostitution ”  (Master’s Thesis, University of La Verne, 2011) Online: <http://gradworks.umi.com/15/04/ 1504462.html>.
  • Gruskin, Sofia, Gretchen Williams Pierce & Laura Ferguson.  “Realigning Government Action with Public Health Evidence:  The Legal and Policy Environment Affecting Sex Work and HIV in Asia ”  (2014) 16:1 Culture, Health & Sexuality 14, DOI:  <10.1080/13691058.2013.819124>.
  • Harcourt, Christine et al.  “The Decriminalisation of Prostitution is Associated with Better Coverage of Health Promotion Programs for Sex Workers” (2010) 34:5 Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 482, DOI:  <10.111/j.1753-6405.2010.00594.x>.
  • Jakobsson, Niklas & Andreas Kotsadam, “The Law and Economics of International Sex Slavery:  Prostitution Laws and Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation” (2010) University of Gothenburg Working Papers in Economics No. 458. (Revised in 2013) <https://gupea.ub.gu.se/bitstream /2077/22825/4/gupea_2077_22825_4.pdf>.
  • Kat Kolar, Chris Atchison & Vicky Bungay.  “Sexual safety practices of massage parlor-based sex workers and their clients, AIDS Care:  Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV” (2014), DOI: <10.1080/09540121.2014.894611>.
  • Kelly, Liz, Maddy Coy & Rebecca Davenport. “Shifting Sands:  A Comparison of Prostitution Regimes Across Nine Countries” online:  (2009) Child & Women Abuse Studies Unit, London Metropolitan University 1 <http://myweb.dal.ca/mgoodyea/Documents/UK/crime reduction 052a.pdf>.
  • Krüsi, A, et al.  “Criminalisation of clients:  reproducing vulnerabilities for violence and poor health among street-based sex workers in Canada—a qualitative study ” Online: (2014) (2014) 4 BMJ Open  <http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/6/e005191.full?key type=ref&ijkey =dJU3wHl0LEkteB7>.
  • Lee, Yoonseock & Youngjae Jung.  “The Correlation between the New Prostitution Acts and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Korea ” Online: (2009) 24:1 Korean Journal of Policy Studies 111.  <http://s-space.snu.ac.kr/handle/10371/69833>.
  • Levy, Jay.  “Swedish Abolitionism as Violence against Women” online: (2013) Sex Worker Open University Online: <http://www.sexworkeropenuniversity.com/uploads/3/6/9/3/3693334/ swou_ec_ swed ish_abolitionism.pdf>.
  • Lowman, John & Christine Louie. “Public Opinion on Prostitution Law Reform in Canada ”  (2012) 54:2 Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice/La Revue canadienne de criminologie et de justice pénale  245, DOI: <10.3138/cjccj.2011.E.34>.
  • Lutnick, Alexandra & Deborah Cohan.  “Criminalization, Legalization or Decriminalization of Sex Work: What Female Sex Workers Say in San Francisco, USA” Online:  (2009) 17:34 Reproductive Health Matters 38 <http://www.rhm-elsevier.com/article/S0968-8080(09)34469-9/fulltext>.
  • MacLeod, Ron.  “A Comparative Cultural Study of Street Prostitutes and Sexual Minorities in Canada” (PhD Thesis, University of Alberta, 2008).
  • Marcus, Anthony et al.  “Conflict and Agency among Sex Workers and Pimps:  A Closer Look at Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking”, Online:  (2014) The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.
  • Matthews, Roger. “Policing Prostitution: Ten Years On ”  Online: (2005) 45:6 British Journal of Criminology 877, DOI:  <10.1093/bjc/azi046>.
  • O'Doherty, Tamara.  “Criminalization and Off-Street Sex Work in Canada ” Online:  (2011) 53:2 Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 217 <http://myweb.dal.ca/mgoodyea /Documents/CSWRP/CSWRPCAN/Criminalization%20and%20off-street%20sex%20work %20in %20Canada%20O'Doherty%202011%20Can%20J%20Criminol% 2053(2)%20217-45.pdf>.
  • Potterat, John et al.  “Mortality in a long-term open cohort of prostitute women” online:  (2004) 159:8 American Journal of Epidemiology 778. <http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content /159/8/778.full>.
  • Pudfin, S. & S. Bosch.  “Demographic and Social Factors Influencing Public Opinion on Prostitution:  An Exploratory Study in Kwazulu-Natal Province, South Africa ”  Online:  (2012) 15:4 PER / PELJ <http://www.saflii.org/za/journals/PER/2012/40.html>.
  • Raymond, Janice G et al.  “A Comparative Study of Women Trafficked in the Migration Process:  Patterns, Profiles and Health Consequences of Sexual Exploitation in Five Countries (Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Venezuela, and the United States)” (2002) N. Amherst, MA:  Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW) online: <http://www.catwinternational.org>.
  • Shapiro, Melanie.  “Sex Trafficking and Decriminalized Prostitution in Rhode Island” (2009) Senior Honours Project University of Rhode Island, online: <http://digitalcommons.uri.edu/ srhonorsprog/135>.
  • Shaver, Frances M., Jacqueline Lewis & Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale.  “Rising to the Challenge: Addressing the Concerns of Working in the Sex Industry” (2011) 48:1 Canadian Review of Sociology 47, DOI:  <10.1111/j.1755-618X.2011.01249.x>.
  • Tani, Sirpa.  “Whose Place is this Space? Life in the Street Prostitution Area of Helsinki, Finland”  (2002) 26:2 International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 343, DOI:  <10.1111/1468-2427.00383>.
  • Van der Meulen, Emily, Elya M. Durisin & Victoria Love, eds.  Selling Sex: Experience, Advocacy, and Research on Sex Work in Canada, (Vancouver: UCB Press, 2013).
  • Van der Meulen, Emily.  “Sex Work and Canadian Policy: Recommendations for Labour Legitimacy and Social Change” (2011) 8 Sexuality Research and Social Policy 348, DOI:  <10.1007/s13178-011-0069-7>. ———.  “Sex for Work: How Policy Affects Sexual Labour, An Argument for Labour Legitimacy and Social Change ”  (PhD Thesis, York University, 2009).

2. International, Regional or Governmental Documents and Reports

  • Abel, Gillian, Lisa Fitzgerald & Cheryl Brunton, “The Impact of the Prostitution Reform Act on the Health and Safety Practices of Sex Workers:  Report to the Prostitution Law Review Committee ”  (2007) online:  <http://www.otago.ac.nz/christchurch/otago018607.pdf>.
  • Austl, Commonwealth, Research and Co-ordination Division, Regulating Morality? An Inquiry into Prostitution in Queensland (Queensland, AU:  Criminal Justice Commission, 1991).
  • Barnett, Laura, Lyne Casavant & Julia Nicol.  “Prostitution:  A Review of Legislation in Selected Countries” (Background Paper) Legal and Legislative Affairs Division (CA), Parliamentary Information and Research Service. Publication No. 2011-115-E.  (Ottawa, ON:  Library of Parliament, 2011) online: <http://www.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/researchpublications /2011-115-e.pdf>.
  • Bjorndahl, Ulla.  “Dangerous Liaisons:  A survey of the violence experienced by women working as prostitutes in Olso ”  (2012) online: < http://humboldt1982.files .wordpress .com/2012/12 /dang erous-liaisons.pdf>.
  • Canada, Subcommittee on Solicitation Laws, The Challenge of Change:  A Study of Canada’s Criminal Prostitution Laws, (Ottawa: Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights, 2006) online:  <http://www.parl.gc.ca/content/hoc/Committee/391/JUST/Reports/RP2599932 /justrp 06/sslrrp06-e.pdf>.
  • Canada, Standing Committee on the Status of Women, Turning Outrage into Action to Address Trafficking for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation in Canada, (Ottawa: Standing Committee on the Status of Women, 2007) online: <http://www.parl.gc.ca/content/hoc/Committee/391/FEWO /Reports/RP2738918/feworp12/feworp12-e.pdf>.
  • Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against women, 30 July 2010, REC C/AUS/CO /7, online:  <http://www.refworld.org/publisher,CEDAW,CONCOBSERVAT IONS,AUS,52dd0 7654,0.html>.
  • Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against women, 9 March 2012, REC C/NOR/CO/8, online:  <http://www.fokuskvinner.no/PageFiles/3379/CEDAW-C-NOR-CO-8.pdf>.
  • Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against women.  8 February 2014, REC C/FIN/CO/7 online:  <http://formin.finland.fi/public/download.aspx?ID=127460&GUI D=%7B50D3AE8D-B478-40D7-8B71-6EE474410022%7D>.
  • Conseil du Statut de la femme du Québec, “La prostitution:  il est temps d’agir” (2012) <http://www.csf.gouv.qc.ca/modules/fichierspublications/fichier-29-1655.pdf>.
  • Council of Europe.  Resolution 1983, Prostitution, trafficking and modern slavery in Europe, Text Adopted (2014) online:  <http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/XRef/Xref-XML2HTML-en.asp?filei d=20716& lang=en>.
  • Department of Justice and Equality, Ireland. Discussion document on future direction of prostitution legislation. (Ireland: Department of Justice and Equality, 2012).
  • Donovan, B., et al.  “The Sex Industry in New South Wales:  a Report to the NSW Ministry of Health ”  (Sydney: Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, 2012) online:  <http://maggiemcneill.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/nsw-sex-industry-report-2012.pdf>.
  • European Parliament.  Resolution on sexual exploitation and prostitution and its impact on gender equality, Adopted (26 February 2014) online: < (2013/2103(INI))>.
  • Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (Germany).  Report by the Federal Government on the Impact of the Act Regulating the Legal Situation of Prostitutes (Prostitution Act).  (Berlin, Germany: 2007). Online: <http://www.bmfsfj.de/RedaktionBMFSFJ /Broschuerenstelle/Pdf-Anlagen/bericht-der-br-zum-prostg-englisch,property=pdf,bereich=bmfsf j,sprache=en,rw(Background Paper)b=true. pdf>.
  • France, Assemblée Nationale, Délégation aux droits des femmes et à l’égalité des chances entre les hommes et les femmes, Rapport d’information, by Maude Olivier, Report No 1360 (12 Décembre 2013).
  • Honeyball, Mary.  “Report on sexual exploitation and prostitution and its impact on gender equality”, Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, European Parliament, A7-0071/2014 online: <http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//NONSGML +REPORT+A7-2014-0071+0+DOC+PDF+V0//EN>.
  • Joint Committee on Justice, Defence and Equality (Ireland).  “Report on hearings and submissions on the Review of legislation on Prostitution”, June 2013, Houses of the Oireachtas, Ireland. Online: <http://www.oireachtas.ie/parliament/media/committees/justice/1.Part-1-final .pdf>.
  • Kavemann, Barbara & Claudia Fischer. The Act Regulating the Legal Situation of Prostitutes – implementation, impact, current developments:  Findings of a study on the impact of the German Prostitution Act. (Berlin, Germany:  SoFFI K-Berlin, 2007). Online: <http://www.cahrv.uni-osnabrueck.de/reddot/ BroschuereProstGenglisch.pdf>.
  • Levine, Judith.  “Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Risk, Rights and Health” (United Nations Development Programme: HIV/AIDS Group, July 2012).
  • Mossman, Elaine.  “International Approaches to Decriminalising or Legalising Prostitution” (Victoria University of Wellington:  Crime and Justice Research Centre, 2007) online: <http://prostitution.procon.org/sourcefiles/newzealandreport.pdf>.
  • National Public Investigations, Swedish Institute, “Prohibiting the purchase of sexual services: An evaluation 1999-2008”, Report of the Commission on the evaluation of prohibiting the purchase of sexual service.  (SOU, 2010: 49) online:  <http://www.government.se/content/1/c6/ 15/14 /88/0e51eb7f.pdf > [English summary].
  • NZ.  Prostitution Law Review Committee, Report of the Prostitution Law Review Committee on the Operation of the Prostitution Reform Act. Wellington, (New Zealand: Ministry of Justice, 2008) online:  <http://www.justice.govt.nz/policy/commercial-property-andregulatory/ prostitution/prostitution-law-review-committee/publications/plrc-report/ documents/report.pdf>.
  • NZ, “Prostitution Law Reform in New Zealand” Parliamentary Library Research Paper (NZ: Parliamentary Library, 2012) online: <http://www.parliament.nz/en-nz/parl-support/research-papers/00PLSocRP12051/prostitution-law-reform-in-new-zealand>.
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police/The Human Trafficking National Coordination Centre (HTNCC).  “Domestic Human Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Canada” (Ottawa: RCMP, 2013).
  • Schulze, Erika, & Sandra Isabel Novo Canto.  “Sexual Exploitation and prostitution and its impact on gender equality”, Policy Department of the European Parliament – Citizen’s Rights and Constitutional Affairs (2014), online:  <http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/ etudes/join/2014/493040/IPOL-FEMM_ET(2014)493040_EN.pdf>.
  • SP Bill 2, Criminalization of the Purchase of Sex:  A proposal for a Bill to make it an offence to purchase sex, Consultation by Rhoda Grant MSP, Member for Highlands and Islands Region, 2012 online: <http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_MembersBills/Criminalisation_of_the_Pur chase_ of_Sex_(2)_Consultation.pdf>.
  • Statens Offentliga Utredningar (SOU 2010). Förbud Mot Köp av Sexuell Tjänst: En Utvärdering 1999–2008 (Betänkande av Utredningen om Utvärdering av Förbudet Mot Köp av Sexuell Tjänst).  Stockholm: SOU, 2010 online: <http://www.sweden.gov.se/content/1/c6/14/91/42/ed1c9 1ad.pdf > (with English summary).
  • Sweden, Ministry of Education and Research.  “Against Prostitution and Human Trafficking for Sexual Purposes” (Stockholm: Government Offices of Sweden, 2009) online: <http://www. government.se/content/1/c6/13/36/71/ae076495.pdf>.
  • UK, All-Party Parliamentary Group on Prostitution and the Global Sex Trade. Shifting the Burden:  Inquiry to assess the operation of the current legal settlement on prostitution in England and Wales, March 2014, online:<http://www.prostitutionresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/UK-shifting-the-bur den-Mar-2014.pdf>.
  • UK Home Office.  Tackling the Demand for Prostitution: A Review. (United Kingdom, 2008) online:  <http://www.uknswp.org/wp-content/uploads/demandReport.pdf>.
  • Wahlberg, Kajsa.  “ Trafficking in human beings for sexual and other purposes”, Situation report 13, RPS Rapport 2012, Swedish National Police Board. <http://www.polisen.se/Global/ www%20och%20Intrapolis/Informationsmaterial/01%20Polisen%20nationellt/Engelskt%20informationsmaterial/Trafficking_1998_/Trafficking_report_13_20130530.pdf>.
  • Wilcox, Dr. Aidan et al.. “Tackling the demand for prostitution: a rapid evidence assessment of the published research literature” (UK Home Office:  Research and Statistics Directorate, 2009) online: <http://www.uknswp.org/wp-content/uploads/homeofficedemandlitreviewwilcoxetal09. pdf>.
  • Working Group on the Legal Regulation of the Purchase of Sexual Services.  Purchasing Sexual Services in Sweden and the Netherlands:  Legal Regulation and Experiences:  Abbreviated  English Version, (Oslo, Norway: Ministry of Justice and the Police, 2004) online: <http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/kilde/jd/rap/2004/0034/ddd/pdfv/232216-purchasing_sex ual_services_in_sweden_and_the_neder lan ds.pdf>.

3. Other Reports (Opinion pieces, literature reviews, issue papers, etc.)

  • Aghatise, Esohe.  “Trafficking for Prostitution in Italy: Possible Effects of Government Proposals for Legalization of Brothels” (2004) 10:10 Violence Against Women 1126, DOI: <10.1177/1077801204268608>.
  • Alexandre, Michele.  “Sex, Drugs, Rock & Roll and Moral Dirigisme:  Toward a Reformation of Drug and Prostitution Regulations” (2009) 78 UMKC Law Review 101.
  • Anderson, Scott A. “Prostitution and Sexual Autonomy:  Making Sense of the Prohibition of Prostitution ” (2002) 112:4 Ethics 748.
  • Author unknown.  “Theory versus reality: Commentary on four articles about trafficking for prostitution”, (2009) 32:3 Women’s Studies International Forum 11.
  • Author unknown.  “The Effects of the Swedish Ban on the Purchase of Sexual Services” (2012), March 8 Initiative, online:  < http://8marts.dk/upl/14431/TheEffectsoftheSwedishBanonthe PurchaseofSexualServicesOK.pdf>.
  • Betteridge, Glenn.  “Legal Network Report Calls for Decriminalization of Prostitution in Canada” (2005) 10:3 HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 11.
  • Benedet, Janine.  “For the Sake of Equality:  Arguments for Adapting the Nordic Model of Prostitution Law to Canada” (2014), prepared for:  Women’s Coalition for the Abolition of Prostitution, online:  <http://www.rapereliefshelter.bc.ca/learn/resources/sake-equality-arguments-adapting-nordic-mod el -prostitution-law-canada>.
  • Brents, Barbara G. & Kathryn Hausbeck. “Marketing sex: US legal brothels and late capitalist consumption Sexualities” (2007) 10:4 Sexualities 425.
  • Bruckert, Christine & Stacey Hannem.  “Rethinking the Prostitution Debates:  Transcending Structural Stigma in Systemic Responses to Sex Work” (2013) 28:1 Canadian Journal of Law and Society 43, DOI:  <10.1353/jls.2013.0020>.
  • Carrigg, Hannah.  “Prostitution Regimes in the Netherlands and Sweden:  Their Impact on the Trafficking of Women and Children in Illicit Sex Industries” (2008) 8 Monitor6.
  • Cheng, Sealing.  “Sexual Protection, Citizenship and Nationhood:  Prostituted Women and Migrant Wives in South Korea” (2011) 37:10 Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 1627, DOI:  <10.108 0/1369183X.2011.613335>.
  • Childs, M., et al.  “Beyond Decriminalization: Sex Work, Human Rights and a New Framework for Law Reform” (2006) Pivot Legal Society online:  <http://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/ pivotlegal/legacy_url/275/BeyondDecrimLongReport.pdf?1345765615 >.
  • Chu, Sandra Ka Hon & Rebecca Glass.  “Sex Work Law Reform in Canada:  Considering 12 Problems with the Nordic Model” online:  (2013) 51:1 Alberta Law Review 101 <http://www.aids law.ca/publications/interfaces/downloadFile.php?ref=2193>.
  • Chuang, Janie A.  “Rescuing Trafficking From Ideological Capture: Prostitution Reform and Anti-trafficking Law and Policy” (2010) 158:6 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1655.
  • Clements, Tracy M. “Prostitution and the American Health Care System:  Denying Access to a Group of Women in Need ” online: (2013) 11:1 Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice 49 <http://scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/bglj/vol11/iss1/3>.
  • Colette Parent et al.  “Mais oui c’est un travail! Penser le travail du sexe au-delà de la victimisation”, (Presse de l’Université du Québec, 2010).
  • Conant, Michael.  “Federalism, the MANN Act, and the Imperative to Decriminalize Prostitution”  (1996) 5:2 Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 99.
  • Coy, Maddy, Josephine Wakeling & Maria Garner.  “Selling sex sells: Representations of prostitution and the sex industry in sexualised popular culture as symbolic violence” (2011) 34 Women's Studies International Forum 441.
  • Crowhurst, Isabel.  “Approaches to the Regulation and Governance of Prostitution in Contemporary Italy” (2012) 9 Sex Research and Social Policy 223, DOI: <10.1007/s13178-012-0094-1>. 
  • Daalder, A.L.  “Prostitution in the Netherlands since the lifting of the brothel ban” (Organization: Wetenschappe- lijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum, 2007)
  • Della Giusta, M.  “Simulating the Impact of Regulation Changes on the Market for Prostitution Services” online:  (2010) 29:1 European Journal of Law and Economics 1, DOI: <http://centaur. reading.ac.uk/17553/1/EJLE-S-08-000671.pdf>
  • Dodillet, Susanne & Petra Östergren.  “The Swedish Sex Purchase Act:  Claimed Success and Documented Effects” (The Hague: International Workshop: Decriminalizing Prostitution: Experiences and Challenges, 2011) online: <http://www.chezstella.org/docs/etude-suede-2011.pdf>.
  • Duarte, Madalena.  “Prostitution and Trafficking in Portugal: Legislation, Policy, and Claims” (2012) 9 Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 258, DOI:  <10.1007/s13178-012-0093-2>.
  • Ekberg, Gunilla.  “Swedish Laws and Policies on Prostitution and Trafficking in Human Beings: An Overview” online:  (2013) <http://www.sccjr.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Briefing-Law-and-policies-on-prostitution-and-THB-Sweden-Gunilla-S.-Ekberg-130704.pdf>.
  • Ekberg, G.  “The Swedish Law that Prohibits the Purchase of Sexual Services Best Practices for Prevention of Prostitution and Trafficking in Human Beings ”  (2004) 10:10 Violence Against Women 1187, DOI:  <10.1177/1077801204268647>.  
  • Elliott, Keith, Eland H. & McGaw J.  “Kerb crawling in Middlesbrough:  An analysis of kerb crawler's opinions’ Safer Middlesbrough Partnership” (2002).
  • Evangelical Fellowship of Canada. Out of Business:  Prostitution in Canada – Putting an End to Demand.  Ottawa, (Canada: Centre for Faith and Public Life, 2013) online:   <http://files.efc-canada.net/si/Prostitution/Out%20of%20Business.pdf>.
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