Fact Sheet: Key Historical Facts about Anti-Black Racism and Discrimination in Canada

Black people in Canada have a history of oppression, resistance and perseverance. Although much of Black people’s early history in Canada involved enslavement and segregation, Black people have demonstrated resilience throughout time.

Through trailblazing and advocacy, Black people have achieved various milestones and accomplishments that have contributed to Canadian society. These contributions have influenced and defined Canadian culture and shaped history.

As Canadians, we must acknowledge and understand our history in order to move forward from past mistakes and achieve full equality for all. The following timeline highlights some of the most significant events of this part of Canadian history.