Final report on the review of Canada’s criminal justice system

What we are already doing

The federal government has already taken concrete steps to begin to improve the effectiveness of our criminal justice system. It has also begun to reflect some of the perspectives presented during the consultations from Canadians about how the system should change.

Below are some program changes in development:

The Government of Canada has advanced a number of legislative initiatives to make the criminal law fairer, clearer, more relevant and more accessible, while also strengthening public safety.

Parliament enacted the following bills:

Legislation (former Bill C-75) to modernize the criminal justice system and reduce delays received Royal Assent on June 21, 2019. These comprehensive legislative changes mark an important milestone in strengthening, transforming and modernizing our criminal justice system. Together, these comprehensive changes will help bring about a much needed culture shift in the way our criminal justice system operates. These measures will also help reduce the overrepresentation of Indigenous people and vulnerable populations in the criminal justice system, including people with addictions and mental illness. This legislation will:

The Government of Canada has also modernized the judicial appointments process to build a more diverse bench.

Together, these program and legislative reforms represent initial but important steps towards updating and improving Canada’s criminal justice system. They also support a number of initiatives in the provinces and territories to address criminal justice system delays.