Archived information

The 2015 version of this handbook has been archived. To access the 2024 version of A Handbook for Criminal Justice Practitioners on Trafficking in Persons, please visit:

Fact Sheet #4: Testimonial Aids for Victims

In Canada, a human trafficking investigation/prosecution can proceed in the absence of victim participation. Moreover, access to victim services is not dependent on victims’ co-operation with law enforcement and prosecution services. However, victim support for criminal prosecution is encouraged through the provision of services and assistance to victims throughout the criminal justice process. Toward this end, Canada’s Criminal Code contains numerous provisions to facilitate victim’s/witness’ participation in criminal proceedings, including the use of testimonial aids. 

Testifying in criminal proceedings can be a difficult and frightening experience for any witness, but may be particularly difficult for victims of human trafficking who have to testify against the person who exploited them. The Criminal Code includes provisions that allow judges to order testimonial aids and other measures to make it easier for vulnerable victims and witnesses, such as trafficking victims, to provide testimony during criminal proceedings. One of the objectives of these provisions is to help reduce the trauma which may result from testifying and to help ensure that, in the case of victims, they are not re-victimized by their participation in the criminal justice system. These measures include:

For more information on TIP, please consult Chapter 4.10 of the Handbook for Criminal Justice Practitioners on Trafficking in Persons.