Results at a glance: Evaluation of the Drug Treatment Court Funding Program

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The Drug Treatment Court Funding Program (DTCFP) aims to reduce crime committed as a result of drug dependency through court-monitored treatment and community service support for non-violent offenders with drug addictions.

The objectives of the DTCFP are:

To date, the DTCFP has established funding agreements with eight provinces and two territories to fund 13 DTCs. DTCs provide an alternative to incarceration by offering the offender an opportunity to participate in a court-monitored, community-based drug treatment process. In Canada, under the DTCFP, the DTC model has continued to evolve to address local community contexts and populations needs. DTCs are provincial and territorial courts that target adult, non-violent offenders who have been charged under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act or the Criminal Code of Canada, in cases where their substance use disorder was a factor in the offence. Rather than incarceration, DTC participants may receive a non-custodial sentence upon completion of treatment.

What was found


Recommendation 1: Continue to enhance sharing of information and lessons learned among the DTCs.

Recommendation 2: The Program, in collaboration with the FPT Working Group, should consider ways to support DTCs in any efforts to include groups who may be under-represented or experience barriers to access.

Recommendation 3: Examine ways to enhance DTCIS reporting quality and strengthen the expectations in funding agreements for reporting by DTCs.

About the evaluation: The Evaluation of the Drug Treatment Court Funding Program was conducted by the Department of Justice Evaluation Branch and covered fiscal years 2016-17 to 2020-21. Its main objectives were to examine the relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of the Program, in accordance with the Treasury Board’s Policy on Results (2016). A planned recidivism study could not be completed within the evaluation timelines, and will be completed later.