The Effectiveness of Restorative Justice Practices: A Meta-Analysis

8. Bibliography

*Indicates study used in meta-analysis

  • Andrews, D.A., and Bonta, J. (1998). Psychology of Criminal Conduct (2nd ed.). Cincinnati, Oh.: Anderson Publishing.
  • Andrews, D.A., Zinger, I., Hoge, R., Bonta, J., Gendreau, P., and Cullen, F. (1990). Does correctional treatment work? A clinically relevant and psychologically informed meta-analysis. Criminology 28: 369–404.
  • Barnett, R. (1977). Restitution: A new paradigm of criminal justice. Ethics 87: 279–301.
  • Bazemore, G., and Schiff, M.F. (1996). Community justice/Restorative justice: Prospects for a new social ecology for community corrections. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 20: 311–335.
  • Bazemore, G., and Walgrave, L. (1999). Restorative Juvenile Justice: Repairing the Harm of Youth Crime. Monsey, N.Y.: Criminal Justice Press.
  • Bonta, J., Law, M., and Hanson, R.K. (1998). The prediction of criminal and violent recidivism among mentally disordered offenders: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 123: 123–142.
  • *Bonta, J., Wallace-Capretta, S., and Rooney, J. (1998). Restorative Justice: An Evaluation of the Restorative Resolutions Project. Ottawa: Solicitor General Canada.
  • Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, Shame and Reintegration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • (1999). Restorative justice: Assessing optimistic and pessimistic accounts. In M. Tonry (ed.), Crime and Justice: A Review of Research 25: 1–127.
  • Cooper, H., and Rosenthal, R. (1980). Statistical versus traditional procedures for summarising research findings. Psychological Bulletin 87: 442–449.
  • Crowe, A.H. (1998). Restorative justice and offender rehabilitation: A meeting of the minds. Perspectives: Journal of the American Probation and Parole Association 22: 28–41.
  • *Davis, R.C. (1982). Mediation: The Brooklyn experiment. In R. Tomasic and M. Feeley (eds.), Neighbourhood Justice: Assessment of an Emerging Idea. New York: Longman Inc.
  • Dowden, C. (1998). “A Meta-analytic Examination of the Risk, Need and Responsivity Principles and Their Importance within the Rehabilitation Debate.” Unpublished M.A. thesis. Ottawa: Psychology Department, Carleton University.
  • Dowden, C., and Andrews, D.A. (1999). What works for female offenders: A meta-analytic review. Crime and Delinquency 45: 438–452.
  • (2000). Effective correctional treatment and violent re-offending: A meta-analysis. Canadian Journal of Criminology 42: 449–476.
  • (under review). “The Importance of Staff Characteristics in Delivering Effective Correctional Treatment: A Meta-analytic Review of Core Correctional Practice.” Manuscript submitted for publication.
  • Dowden, C., and Brown, S. (in press). The role of substance abuse factors in predicting recidivism: A meta-analysis. Psychology, Crime, and Law.
  • Eglash, A. (1977). Beyond restitution: Creative restitution. In J. Hudson and B. Galaway (eds.), Restitution in Criminal Justice. Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath.
  • *Evje, A., and Cushman, R.C. (2000). A Summary of the Evaluations of Six California Victim Offender Reconciliation Programs. The Judicial Council of California Administrative Office of the Courts, Center for Families, Children & the Courts.
  • Federal/Provincial/Territorial Working Group on Restorative Justice. (2000). Restorative Justice in Canada: A Consultation Paper. Ottawa: Department of Justice, Canada.
  • *Fercello, C., and Umbreit, M. (1998). Client Evaluation of Family Group Conferencing in 12 Sites in 1st Judicial District of Minnesota. Center for Restorative Justice & Mediation, School of Social Work, University of Minnesota.
  • Gendreau, P., Goggin, C., and Cullen, F. (1999). The Effects of Prison Sentences on Recidivism. Ottawa: Corrections Research Branch, Solicitor General of Canada.
  • Gendreau, P., Little, T., and Goggin, C. (1996). A meta-analysis of the predictors of adult offender recidivism: What works! Criminology 34: 575–607.
  • Glass, G., McGaw, B., and Smith, M. (1981). Meta-analysis in Social Research. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.
  • Hanson, R.K., and Bussière, M. (1998). Predicting relapse: A meta-analysis of sexual offender recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 66: 348–362.
  • Hawkins, J.D., Herrenkohl, T., Farrington, D.P., Brewser, D., Catalano, R.F., and Harachi, T.W. (1998). A review of predictors of youth violence. In R. Loeber and D.P. Farrington (eds.), Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders: Risk Factors and Successful Interventions. London: Sage.
  • Hooper, S., and Busch, R. (1996). Domestic violence and restorative justice initiatives: The risks of a new panacea. Waikato Law Review, Special Issue: Domestic Violence 4: 1–19.
  • Hughes, P., and Mossman, M.J. (2001). “Re-thinking Access to Criminal Justice in Canada: A Critical Review of Needs and Responses.” Unpublished paper for the Department of Justice Canada.
  • LaPrairie, C. (1995). Altering course: New directions in criminal justice—Sentencing circles and family group conferences. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, Special Issue: Crime, Criminology and Public Policy: 78–99.
  • Latimer, J. (2001). A meta-analytic examination of youth delinquency, family treatment and recidivism. Canadian Journal of Criminology 43: 237–253.
  • Latimer, J., and Kleinknecht, S. (2000). The Effects of Restorative Justice Programming: A Review of the Empirical Research Literature. Ottawa: Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada.
  • Law Commission. (2000). From Restorative Justice to Transformative Justice: Discussion Paper. Ottawa: Law Commission of Canada.
  • Lipsey, M. (1995). What do we learn from 400 research studies on the effectiveness of treatment with juvenile delinquents? In J. McGuire (ed.), What Works: Reducing Reoffending—Guidelines from Research and Practice. Chichester, Eng.: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Lipsey, M., and Derzon, J. (1998). Predictors of violent or serious delinquency in adolescence and early adulthood: A synthesis of longitudinal research. In R. Loeber and D.P. Farrington (eds.), Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders: Risk Factors and Successful Interventions. London: Sage.
  • Lipsey, M., and Wilson, D. (1993). The efficacy of psychological, educational, and behavioral treatment: Confirmation from meta-analysis. American Psychologist 48: 1181–1209.
  • Llewellyn, J., and Howse, R. (1998). Restorative Justice: A Conceptual Framework. Ottawa: Law Commission of Canada.
  • Losel, F. (1995). The efficacy of correctional treatment: A review and synthesis of meta-evaluations. In J. McGuire (ed.), What Works: Reducing Re-offending–Guidelines from Research and Practice. Chichester, Eng.: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Marshall, T. (1985). Alternatives to Criminal Courts: The Potential for Non-judicial Dispute Resolution. Brookfield, Ver.: Gower Publishing Co.
  • (1999). Restorative Justice: An Overview. London: Home Office, Research Development and Statistics Directorate.
  • *McCold, P., and Stahr, J. (1996). “Bethlehem Police Family Group Conferencing Project.” Paper presented to the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, Chicago, November 20–23, 1996.
  • *McCold, P., and Wachtel, B. (1998). Restorative Policing Experiment: The Bethlehem Pennsylvania Police Family Group Conferencing Project—Summary. Community Service Foundation, Pipersville, Penn.
  • *Moore, D., and Forsythe, L. (1995). A New Approach to Juvenile Justice: An Evaluation of Family Conferencing in Wagga Wagga. A report to the Criminology Research Council, Centre for Rural Social Research, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga NSW, Australia.
  • Morris, A., and Maxwell, G. (1998). Restorative justice in New Zealand: Family group conferences as a case study. Western Criminology Review 1: 1–16.
  • *Niemeyer, M., and Shichor, D. (1996). A preliminary study of a large victim-offender reconciliation program. Federal Probation 60: 30–34.
  • *Nuffield, J. (1997). Final Report—Evaluation of the Adult Victim–Offender Mediation Program, Saskatoon Community Mediation Services. Saskatoon, Sask.: Saskatchewan Justice.
  • *Nugent, W.R., and Paddock, J.B. (1995). The effect of victim–offender mediation on severity of re-offence. Mediation Quarterly 12: 353–367.
  • *———. (1996). Evaluating the effects of a victim-offender reconciliation program on re-offence. Research on Social Work Practice 6: 155–178.
  • Rosenthal, R. (1991). Meta-analytic Procedures for Social Research. Newbury, Calif.
  • *Roy, S. (1993). Two types of juvenile restitution programs in two Midwestern counties: A comparative study. Federal Probation 57: 48–53.
  • *Schneider, A.L. (1986). Restitution and recidivism rates of juvenile offenders: Results from four experimental studies. Criminology 24: 533–552.
  • *Sherman, L.W., and Strang, H. (2000). Recidivism Patterns in the Canberra Reintegrative Shaming Experiments (RISE). Centre for Restorative Justice, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University.
  • *Strang, H., Barnes, G.C., Braithwaite, J. and Sherman, L.W. (1999). Experiments in Restorative Policing: A Progress Report on the Canberra Reintegrative Shaming Experiments (RISE). Australian Federal Police and Australian National University.
  • *Umbreit, M.S. (1989). Crime victims seeking fairness, not revenge: Toward restorative justice. Federal Probation 53: 52–57.
  • ———. (1994a). Victim Meets Offender: The Impact of Restorative Justice and Mediation. Monsey, N.Y.: Criminal Justice Press.
  • *———. (1994b). Crime victims confront their offenders: The impact of a Minneapolis mediation program. Research on Social Work Practice 4: 436–447.
  • *Umbreit, M.S., and Coates, R.C. (1993). Cross-site analysis of victim–offender mediation in four states. Crime & Delinquency 39: 565–585.
  • *Umbreit, M.S., Coates, R.C., Kalanj, B., Lipkin, R., and Petros, G. (1995). Mediation of Criminal Conflict: An Assessment of Programs in Four Canadian Provinces—Executive Summary Report. Center for Restorative Justice & Mediation, School of Social Work, University of Minnesota.
  • *Umbreit, M., and Fercello, C. (1997). Interim Report: Client Evaluation of the Victim-offender Conferencing Program in Washington County (MN). Center for Restorative Justice & Mediation, School of Social Work, University of Minnesota.
  • *Umbreit, M.S., Warner Roberts, A., Kalanj, B., and Lipkin, R. (1996). Mediation of Criminal Conflict in England: An Assessment of Services in Coventry and Leeds—Executive Summary. Center for Restorative Justice & Mediation, School of Social Work, University of Minnesota.
  • *URSA Institute. (1993). Final Evaluation Report: Community Involvement in Mediation of First and Second Time Juvenile Offenders Project of the Community Board Program of San Francisco. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice.
  • Van Ness, D., and Strong, K.H. (1997). Restoring Justice. Cincinnati, Oh.: Andersen Publishing.
  • Whitehead, J.T., and Lab, S.P. (1989). A meta-analysis of juvenile correctional treatment. Journal of Research on Crime and Delinquency 26: 276–295.
  • *Wynne, J. (1996). Leeds mediation and reparation service: Ten years’ experience with victim–offender mediation. In B. Galaway and J. Hudson (eds.), Restorative Justice: International Perspectives. Monsey, N.Y.: Criminal Justice Press.
  • Zehr, H. (1990). Changing Lenses: A New Focus for Crime and Justice. Scottsdale, Penn.: Herald Press.
  • Zellerer, E. (1996). Community-based justice and violence against women: Issues of gender and race. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 20: 233–244.
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