Annex III – State of the Criminal Justice System Framework

The Framework provides the foundation for understanding the state of the CJS. It provides a clear roadmap for further data development and data collection necessary to understand how the CJS is performing. The Department of Justice Canada (JUS) developed the Framework through extensive research and consultations with key federal, provincial, and territorial government partners, academics, community organizations, Canadians, and other experts in criminal justice policy, performance measurement, Indigenous justice, and Indigenous legal traditions.80

The Framework presents nine high-level outcomes of the Canadian CJS, measured by 42 indicators (see below). Performance on these outcomes is monitored through an online interactive Dashboard, and the SOCJS Report. Since the last report in 2019, two additional indicators, Restorative justice program referrals and Victims and offenders accepted into a restorative justice process, have been added under the following outcome: The criminal justice system promotes and supports diversion, restorative justice (RJ), Indigenous justice, and tools for community-based resolution.” This addition reflects ongoing efforts to improve the Framework and expand the scope of available data. The Framework currently relies on data from the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC), JUS, the Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI), the Parole Board of Canada (PBC) and Statistics Canada (STC).

  • Outcome #1: Canadians are safe and individuals and families feel safe.

    • Self-reported victimization
    • Police-reported crime
    • Crime severity
    • Satisfaction with personal safety from crime
  • Outcome #2: The CJS is fair and accessible.

    • Public perception that the CJS is fair to all people
    • Public perception that the CJS is accessible to all people
    • Approved criminal legal aid applications
    • Pre-trial detention/remand
    • Office of the Correctional Investigator complainants
    • Clients served by the Indigenous Courtwork Program
  • Outcome #3: Canadians understand the role of and express confidence in the CJS.

    • Public awareness of the role of the CJS
    • Public confidence in the police
    • Public confidence in the Canadian criminal courts
    • Victimization incidents reported to the police
  • Outcome #4: The CJS operates efficiently.

    • Offence clearance rate
    • Administration of justice offences
    • Case completion time
  • Outcome #5: The CJS promotes and supports diversion, RJ, Indigenous justice and tools for community-based resolution.

    • Drug treatment court program referrals
    • Restorative justice program referrals
    • Victims and offenders accepted into a restorative justice process
    • Incarceration rate
    • Criminal incidents cleared by referral to a diversionary program
  • Outcome #6: The CJS provides persons in the correctional system with services and supports to rehabilitate them and integrate them back into the community.

    • Intensive Rehabilitative Custody and Supervision youth cases receiving specialized treatment
    • Mental health services in federal corrections
    • Correctional programs in federal corrections
    • Educational programs in federal corrections
    • Individuals under federal correctional supervision granted parole
    • Successful completion of statutory release without revocation in federal corrections
    • Individuals under federal correctional supervision who secure employment before their sentence ends
    • Community release plan for Indigenous individuals in federal custody
  • Outcome #7: The CJS respects victims’ and survivors’ rights and addresses their needs.

    • Individuals registered as a victim to receive information about an individual who harmed them
    • Victim satisfaction with the actions taken by police
  • Outcome #8: The CJS reduces the number of Indigenous people in the system.

    • Self-reported violent victimization among Indigenous individuals
    • Police-reported homicide victims identified as Indigenous
    • Police-reported homicide accused identified as Indigenous
    • Indigenous adults and youth admissions to provincial/territorial correctional services
    • Indigenous admissions to federal correctional services
    • Indigenous individuals among the total federal offender population
    • Indigenous individuals designated as dangerous offenders
  • Outcome #9: The CJS reduces the number of marginalized and vulnerable individuals in the system.

    • Mental health needs in federal corrections
    • Visible minorities in federal corrections
    • Self-reported violent victimization among marginalized and vulnerable populations
    • Police contact among individuals with a mental or substance use disorder

Footnotes

80 For more information about how the Framework was developed, and for a technical description of indicators, see the State of the Criminal Justice System Methodology Report (Department of Justice Canada 2020b) (https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/cj-jp/state-etat/2020rpt-rap2020/index.html).