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Glossary of Terms
Types of Victimization
Families of Homicide Victims
The surviving family members of a victim of a murder.
Families of Missing, Abducted, and Exploited Children
The family members of child victims who are missing, who have been
abducted, or who have been exploited in any manner.
Families of Sexually Abused Children
The family members of a child victim of sexual abuse (see Child/Youth
The victimization of any person who has experienced a criminal
offence committed against a person, a group of people, or property
which was motivated by that person’s or group’s apparent
belonging to a segment of the population identified by skin colour,
race, religion, ethnic origin, or sexual orientation
The victimization of any person who has been transported, transferred,
and/or harboured, both within Canada and internationally, against
their will and exploited for use in slavery or slavery-like conditions,
sexual exploitation, forced labour, forced marriages, or for other
The victimization of any person who has experienced bodily harm
due to a motor vehicle accident in which at least one driver was
under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs and/or was legally intoxicated
at the time of the accident
Child/Youth Sexual Abuse
A person under the age of 18 years old who has been involved in
a sexual act with a person in a position of trust and authority by
age, strength, or intelligence, including acts such as touching,
fondling, exposing oneself, participation in prostitution and any
participation or viewing of pornography.
Adult survivor of child/youth sexual abuse
An adult age 18 years of age or older who was sexually abused as
Child/Youth victim of sexual exploitation
A child who has been taken advantage of and/or
manipulated by any person in a position of trust or authority by
age, strength, or intelligence, for sexual purposes.
A child under the age of 18 years who has experienced physical
threats or physical violence or whose needs have been neglected
or disregarded by a person or persons in a position of authority
or in which a relationship of trust exists.
A child under the age of 18 years who has experienced unwanted
and repeated physical, psychological, and/or sexual assault from
another child in their peer group who seeks domination over the
victim. This includes online bullying and threats.
Criminal Harassment (Stalking)
An adult 18 years of age or older who has been repeatedly followed,
contacted, watched, or threatened against their will in any manner,
including electronic (phone, e-mail, instant messaging) contact .
Adult victim of Partner Abuse
An adult age 18 years of age or older who has been abused one
or more times sexually, physically, psychologically by a current
or past partner or spouse
Child/Youth victim/witness of domestic violence
A child under the age of 18 years who has been abused in any
way or exposed to abuse of any kind within a family environment.
Adult - female victims
An adult female 18 years of age or older who is assaulted by
another person in a manner which consists of any unwanted sexual
Adult - male victims
An adult male 18 years of age or older who is assaulted by another
person in a manner which consists of any unwanted sexual act
Types of Services
The promotion of the best interests of victims, and the active
support of the needs, rights, and services for victims.
Assistance in completing forms for criminal injury compensation
Short and/or long term crisis intervention, emotional support,
guidance and counselling provided by advocates, counsellors, mental
health professionals, or peers. Such counselling may occur at the
scene of a crime or immediately after a crime or be provided on an
To go with the victim/witness to court to explain court procedures,
answer questions, define legal terms, and provide general emotional
support to the victim/witness.
A telephone service for victims, often in operation 24 hours a
day, seven days a week, providing immediate, over-the-phone counselling,
guidance, emotional support, information and referral.
The provision of emergency psychological care to victims and the
referral of victims to agencies which provide long-term counselling
or support services.
Providing comfort and assistance to victims through listening,
providing information, and counsel.
Information provided by an agency regarding the criminal justice
system, services available to victims, and a variety of other services
and programs in their community.
To go with the victim to a hospital or health clinic in order to
receive emergency health care after experiencing victimization, particularly
in cases of sexual assault.
Safety Planning/Risk Assessment
Creating an emergency safety plan for women and children at risk
of domestic violence or criminal harassment (stalking). Assistance
in determining the risk or likelihood of the reoccurrence of domestic
Self-Help Support Groups
A group of people who provide moral support and information to
each other on issues relating to a shared experience of victimization.
Services offered in other languages
Services offered in languages other than English or French.
Temporary accommodation or emergency shelter, usually for victims
of domestic violence.
Victim Impact Statements (assistance in preparation)
Support and assistance in preparing written statements made by
the victim of a crime which describes the harm done to the victim
and, more generally, the effect that the crime has had on his or
her life. The statement is provided, in writing, to the court, which
uses the statement to determine the type and/or length of sentence
the offender will receive.
A service that notifies victims of information or changes regarding
their court case, and/or the status of the accused or offender.
The provision of information and support throughout the criminal
justice process, including court preparation and/or Victim Impact
Population Specific Services for
Persons who identify with at least one Aboriginal group (i.e.
North American Indian, Métis, or Inuit), as well as persons
who identify with more than one group, and person who do not identify
with an Aboriginal group, but who are Registered or Treaty Indians
or members of an Indian band.
Children and Youth
Those who are below the age of 18 years old.
Gay, bisexual, transgender men
A man who is attracted to individuals of the same sex, to both
sexes, or who identifies with a different gender.
Lesbian, bisexual, transgender women
A woman who is attracted to individuals of the same sex, to both
sexes, or who identifies with a different gender.
Persons with disabilities
Those who have a hearing, visual, or mobility impairment and/or
who have a mental health, cognitive, or learning disability.
Those who are the age of 65 years or older.
Members of a visible minority
Persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian
in race or non-white in colour.