Bijuralism and Harmonization

In Canada, civil law and common law legal traditions co-exist within the same legislative framework. This reflects Canada’s history and its legal and constitutional structure. Bijuralism focuses on the place of and role played by the common law of the provinces and territories and the civil law of the province of Quebec in the federal context, especially in matters relating to property and civil rights. It ensures that the justice system is accessible and supported by bilingual Acts and regulations that apply effectively in all provinces and territories.

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Services and information

Our commitment to bijuralism
Canada’s commitment to common law and civil law in a federal context.

Bijural Drafting and the Harmonization Initiative
Bijural drafting and harmonization are key elements of bijuralism in Canada.

The Fundamentals of Bijuralism
The Canadian legal system is a mixed legal system that is defined by its legal pluralism.