The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples explained


Watch the video

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is the result of almost 25 years of collaboration between UN member states and Indigenous peoples from around the world. Indigenous leaders from Canada played a significant role in its development, including drafting and negotiating.

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act creates a lasting and action-oriented framework to advance federal implementation of the Declaration in consultation and cooperation with Indigenous peoples.

Transcript

Have you heard of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples?

This is a document that sets global standards to uphold the human rights of Indigenous peoples, also known as a human rights instrument.

For decades, Indigenous leaders from Canada and around the world had advocated for and helped draft a declaration to promote and protect the rights of Indigenous peoples.

In 2007, the United Nations adopted the Declaration.

This Declaration sets out a broad range of human rights.

For example, it affirms such rights as:

  • the right of all Indigenous peoples to self-determination and self-government, to decide what is best for their communities, and to participate in decisions that affect them
  • the right to have their treaties and agreements honoured and respected
  • the right to use and teach their languages and histories and to practise their cultural traditions and customs
  • the right to access social and health services without discrimination and to improve their economic and social well-being
  • the right to be free from any kind of discrimination and to live in peace and security as distinct peoples

In Canada, the Declaration is a roadmap for the shared journey of reconciliation – one that respects the human rights of Indigenous peoples.

To learn more about the Declaration and how Canada is working with Indigenous peoples to implement it, visit Canada.ca/Declaration.

Featured content