The Role of Crown Prosecutors in Child Advocacy Centres in Canada


Connell, M. (2009). The child advocacy model. In K. Kuehnle, & M. Connell (Eds.), The evaluation of child sexual allegations: A comprehensive guide to assessment and testimony (pp. 423–449). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Cross, T. P., Jones, L. M., Walsh, W. A., Simone, M., Kolko, D. J., Szczepanski, J., Lippert, T., Davison, K., Cryns, A., Sosnowski, P., Shadoin, A., & Magnuson, S. (2008). Evaluating children’s advocacy centers’ response to child sexual abuse. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. United States Department of Justice.

Cross, T. P., Jones, L. M., Walsh, W. A., Simone, M. & Kolko, D. J. (2007). Child forensic interviewing in children’s advocacy centers: Empirical data on a practice model. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, 1031.

Faller, K. C., & Palusci, V. J. (2007). Children’s advocacy centers: Do they lead to positive case outcomes? Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, 1021–1029.

Jensen, J.M., Jacobson, M., Unrau, Y., & Robinson, R.L. (1996). Interventions for victims of child sexual abuse: An evaluation of the Children’s Advocacy Model. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 13, 139–156.

Jones, L. M., Cross, T. P., Walsh, W. A., & Simone, M. (2007). Do children’s advocacy centers improve families’ experiences of child sexual abuse investigations? Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, 1069-1085.

McDonald, S., Scrim, K., & Rooney, L. (2013). Building our capacity: Children’s advocacy centres in Canada. Victims of Crime Research Digest, 6, 2-11.

National Children’s Alliance (2017). Annual report 2017: Empowering local communities to serve child victims of abuse.

Public Prosecution Service of Canada Deskbook (2014). Guideline Part II “2.5 Principles of Disclosure”.

Research and Statistics Division. (2018) Understanding the development and impact of Child Advocacy Centres (CACs). Department of Justice Canada.

Shadoin, A. L., Magnuson, S. N., Overman, L. B., Formby, J. P., Shao, L. (2006). Executive summary: Findings from the NCAC cost-benefit analysis of community responses to child maltreatment. National Children’s Advocacy Center.

Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, Delaying Justice is Denying Justice: An Urgent Need to Address Lengthy Court Delays in Canada (Final Report), June 2017.

Statistics Canada (2017). Adult criminal court statistics in Canada, 2014/2015. Retrieved from

Walsh, W. A., Lippert, T., Cross, T. P., Maurice, D. M., & Davison, K. S. (2008). How long to prosecute child sexual abuse for a community using a children’s advocacy center and two comparison communities? Child Maltreatment 13:3.

Walsh, W. A., Jones, L., & Cross, T. P. (2003). Children’s advocacy centers: One philosophy, many models. APSAC Advisor, 15(3), 3–7. Retrieved from


Boucher v The Queen, [1955] SCR 16.

R. v Egger, [1993] 2 SCR 451. 

R. v O’Connor, [1995] 4 SCR 411.

R. v Regan, 2002 SCC 12, [2002] 1 SCR 297.

R. v Stinchcombe, [1991] 3 SCR 326.