A Qualitative Look at Serious Legal Problems: Trans, Two-Spirit, and Non-Binary People in Canada

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William Hébert
Nora Butler Burke
Tara Santini
Frank Suerich-Gulick
Daphne Barile


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©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, 2022



William Hébert, Carleton University (Principal Investigator)
Nora Butler Burke, Action Santé Travesti(e)s et Transsexuel(le)s du Québec (ASTT(e)Q) (Co-Investigator)
Tara Santini, ASTT(e)Q (Co-Investigator)
Frank Suerich-Gulick, Independent researcher (Research Coordinator & Co-Investigator)
Daphne Barile, ASTT(e)Q (Co-Investigator)

Community Researchers

Estelle Davis, ASTT(e)Q
Anaïs Zeledon Montenegro, ASTT(e)Q
Ellise Rädlein, ASTT(e)Q
Itzel Daniela Rivera, ASTT(e)Q

Research Assistants

Kai Jacobsen, Community-Based Research Centre
Leon Laidlaw, Carleton University


Benjamin Klassen, Community-Based Research Centre
Jody Jollimore, Community-Based Research Centre
Nathan Lachowsky, Community-Based Research Centre


Mirha-Soleil Ross (Translation and Transcription)
Julie Paquin (Translation and Transcription)
Katrina Stephany, Community-Based Research Centre (Transcription)
Emma Stuart, Community-Based Research Centre (Transcription)
Samuel Singer, University of Ottawa (External Reviewer)

Recommended Citation

Hébert, William, Nora Butler Burke, Tara Santini, Frank Suerich-Gulick, and Daphne Barile. 2022. A Qualitative Look at Serious Legal Problems: Trans, Two-Spirit, and Non-Binary People in Canada. Research report prepared for the Department of Justice Canada. Ottawa, ON.