Next Steps

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The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act became law and came into force on June 21, 2021.

As the next step, the Government of Canada is working in consultation and cooperation with First Nations, Inuit and Métis to:

The Act requires that the action plan be developed as soon as possible and no later than two years after the coming into force of the Act, which means it needs to be completed by June 2023.

Moving forward together

As a first step, the Government of Canada will be working in partnership with First Nations, Inuit and Métis to implement the UN Declaration Act. There will be two engagement phases.

Phase one focuses on working in partnership with Indigenous peoples to better understand their priorities to help shape the action plan and to begin to identify potential measures for aligning federal laws with the Declaration. Consistent with the Act’s requirements, this process will include:

Phase two focuses on continued engagement with Indigenous peoples to validate the draft action plan. The draft action plan will be informed by the priorities identified in phase one. This phase also includes opportunities for broader engagement, including with provinces and territories and industry. This phase is anticipated to start in the winter of 2023.

How to participate

There are multiple ways for Indigenous peoples to participate in this engagement process:


Mailing address

UN Declaration Act Implementation Secretariat
Department of Justice Canada
275 Sparks Street
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada K1A 0H8

Potential topics for discussion

We welcome all views and perspectives on key priorities for the action plan, and measures to ensure the consistency of federal laws with the Declaration and annual reporting on progress.

The Act requires the action plan to include measures:

The Act specifically outlines key areas that the Government of Canada must consult on and cooperate with Indigenous peoples in order to meet the requirements of the Act.

To assist, there are a series of questions, a list of themes of the Declaration, and an engagement kit available to help guide discussions and input related to each of the legal obligations contained in the Act.

This collaborative work will complement other initiatives underway across Canada with Indigenous partners to close socio-economic gaps, advance reconciliation and renew relationships based on the affirmation of rights, respect, co-operation and partnership.

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